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Incentivizing schooling for learning : evidence on the impact of alternative targeting approaches, Volume 1
Author:Barrera-Osorio, Felipe; Filmer, Deon; Country:Cambodia;
Date Stored:2013/07/23Document Date:2013/07/01
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Primary Education; Teaching and Learning; Tertiary Education; Secondary Education; Education For All
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:Education
Rel. Proj ID:KH-Evaluation Of Preschool Construction & Upgrading Program In Cam -- -- P108493;Region:East Asia and Pacific
Report Number:WPS6541Sub Sectors:General education sector
Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 6541Impact Evaluation series ; no. IE 98Volume No:1

Summary: This paper evaluates a primary school scholarship program in Cambodia with two different targeting mechanisms, one based on poverty level and the other on baseline test scores ("merit"). Both targeting mechanisms increased enrollment and attendance. However, only the merit-based targeting induced positive effects on test scores. The paper shows that the asymmetry of response is unlikely to have been driven by differences between recipients' characteristics. Higher student and family effort among beneficiaries of the merit-based scholarships suggest that the framing of the scholarship mattered for impact. The results suggest that in order to balance equity and efficiency, a two-step targeting approach might be preferable: first, target low-income individuals, and then, among them, target based on merit.

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