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Buying votes vs. supplying public services : political incentives to under-invest in pro-poor policies
 
Author:Khemani, Stuti; Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 6339
Country:World; Philippines; Date Stored:2013/01/28
Document Date:2013/01/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Public Sector Corruption & Anticorruption Measures; Housing & Human Habitats; Health Monitoring & Evaluation; Health Systems Development & Reform; Municipal Financial ManagementLanguage:English
Major Sector:Education; Public Administration, Law, and Justice; Health and other social servicesRel. Proj ID:1W-Public Services Team- -- P086338;
Region:The World Region; East Asia and PacificReport Number:WPS6339
Sub Sectors:Other social services; General education sector; General public administration sectorVolume No:1 of 1

Summary: This paper uses unique survey data to provide, for the first time in the literature, direct evidence that vote buying in poor economies is associated with lower provision of public services that disproportionately benefit the poor. Various features of the data and the institutional context allow the interpretation of this correlation as the equilibrium policy consequence of clientelist politics, ruling out alternate explanations (such as, for example, poverty driving both vote buying and health outcomes). The data come from the Philippines, a country context that allows for measuring vote buying during elections and services delivered by the administrative unit controlled by winners of those elections. The data reveal a significant, robust negative correlation between vote buying and the delivery of primary health services. In places where households report more vote buying, government records show that municipalities invest less in basic health services for mothers and children; and, quite strikingly, as a summary measure of weak service delivery performance, a higher percentage of children are severely under-weight.

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