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Entrepreneurship training and self-employment among university graduates : evidence from a randomized trial in Tunisia
 
Author:Premand, Patrick; Brodmann, Stefanie; Almeida, Rita; Grun, Rebekka; Barouni, Mahdi; Collection Title:Impact Evaluation series ; no. IE 77Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 6285
Country:Tunisia; Date Stored:2012/12/03
Document Date:2012/12/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
Language:EnglishRegion:Middle East and North Africa
Report Number:WPS6285SubTopics:Tertiary Education; Employment and Unemployment; Labor Markets; Small and Medium Size Enterprises; Skills Development and Labor Force Training
Volume No:1 of 1  

Summary: In economies characterized by low labor demand and high rates of youth unemployment, entrepreneurship training has the potential to enable youth to gain skills and create their own jobs. This paper presents experimental evidence on a new entrepreneurship track that provides business training and personalized coaching to university students in Tunisia. Undergraduates in the final year of licence appliquee were given the opportunity to graduate with a business plan instead of following the standard curriculum. This paper relies on randomized assignment of the entrepreneurship track to identify impacts on labor market outcomes one year after graduation. The analysis finds that the entrepreneurship track was effective in increasing self-employment among applicants, but that the effects are small in absolute terms. In addition, the employment rate among participants remains unchanged, pointing to a partial substitution from wage employment to self-employment. The evidence shows that the program fostered business skills, expanded networks, and affected a range of behavioral skills. Participation in the entrepreneurship track also heightened graduatesメ optimism toward the future shortly after the Tunisian revolution.

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