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Declining inequality in Latin America in the 2000s : the cases of Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico, Volume 1
Author:Lustig, Nora; Lopez-Calva, Luis F.; Ortiz-Juarez, Eduardo; Country:Argentina; Brazil; Mexico;
Date Stored:2012/10/23Document Date:2012/10/01
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Inequality; Labor Policies; Labor Markets; Poverty Impact Evaluation; Rural Poverty Reduction
Language:EnglishRegion:Latin America & Caribbean
Report Number:WPS6248Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 6248
Volume No:1  

Summary: Between 2000 and 2010, the Gini coefficient declined in 13 of 17 Latin American countries. The decline was statistically significant and robust to changes in the time interval, inequality measures, and data sources. In-depth country studies for Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico suggest two main phenomena underlie this trend: a fall in the premium to skilled labor and more progressive government transfers. The fall in the premium to skills resulted from a combination of supply, demand, and institutional factors. Their relative importance depends on the country.

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