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How does India's rural roads program affect the grassroots ? findings from a survey in Orissa, Volume 1
 
Author:Bell, Clive; van Dillen, Susanne; Country:India;
Date Stored:2012/08/13Document Date:2012/08/01
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Transport Economics Policy & Planning; Housing & Human Habitats; Health Monitoring & Evaluation; Disease Control & Prevention; Social Accountability
Language:EnglishRegion:South Asia
Report Number:WPS6167Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 6167
Volume No:1  

Summary: This paper analyzes the effects of all-weather rural roads on households' net output prices, education and health in a poor, drought-prone region of India. Of 30 villages originally surveyed in 2001-02, when two had such roads, a further nine received them between January 2007 and December 2009 under the program Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana. Cross-section comparisons involving all villages and 'before and after' comparisons in the nine yielded these findings: (i) net output prices were 5 per cent or more higher; (ii) substantially fewer days of schooling were lost due to bad weather, largely because teachers had fewer absences; (iii) the acutely sick received more timely treatment and were more likely to be treated in a hospital than in the nearest primary health clinic; and (iv) the respondents ranked the resulting benefits in the domains of health and education at least as highly as the 'commercial' ones.

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