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Can China's rural elderly count on support from adult children ? implications of rural-to-urban migration
 
Author:Giles, John; Wang, Dewen; Zhao, Changbao; Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5510
Country:China; Date Stored:2010/12/21
Document Date:2010/12/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Regional Economic Development; Rural Poverty Reduction; Population Policies; Services & Transfers to Poor; Labor PoliciesLanguage:English
Major Sector:Health and other social servicesRel. Proj ID:1W-Labor Markets And Social Protection -- -- P121130;
Region:East Asia and PacificReport Number:WPS5510
Sub Sectors:Other social servicesTF No/Name:TF098279-Gender Dimensions of Social Insurance Coverage and the 2008 Labor Contr
Volume No:1 of 1  

Summary: This paper shows that support from the family continues to be an important source of support for the rural elderly, particularly the rural elderly over 70 years of age. Decline in likelihood of co-residence with, or in close proximity to, adult children raises the possibility that China's rural elderly will receive less support in the forms of both income and in-kind instrumental care. Although descriptive evidence on net financial transfers suggests that the elderly with migrant children will receive similar levels of financial transfers as those without migrant children, the predicted variance associated with these transfers implies a higher risk that elderly with migrant children may fall into poverty. Reducing the risk of low incomes among the elderly is one important motive for new rural pension initiatives supported by China's government, which are scheduled to be expanded to cover all rural counties by the end of the 12th Five Year Plan in 2016.

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