Click here for search results
How to interpret the growing phenomenon of private tutoring : human capital deepening, inequality increasing, or waste of resources ?
 
Author:Dang, Hai-Anh; Rogers, F. Halsey; Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 4530
Country:World; Date Stored:2008/02/25
Document Date:2008/02/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
Language:EnglishRegion:The World Region
Report Number:WPS4530SubTopics:Primary Education; Teaching and Learning; Tertiary Education; Education For All;
Volume No:1 of 1  

Summary: Private tutoring is now a major component of the education sector in many developing countries, yet education policy too seldom acknowledges and makes use of it. Various criticisms have been raised against private tutoring, most notably that it exacerbates social inequalities and may even fail to improve student outcomes. This paper surveys the literature for evidence on private tutoring-the extent of the tutoring phenomenon, the factors that explain its growth, and its cost-effectiveness in improving student academic performance. It also presents a framework for assessing the efficiency and equity effects of tutoring. It concludes that tutoring can raise the effectiveness of the education system under certain reasonable assumptions, even taking into account equity concerns, and it offers guidance for attacking corruption and other problems that diminish the contributions of the tutoring sector.

Official Documents
Official, scanned versions of documents (may include signatures, etc.)
File TypeDescriptionFile Size (mb)
PDF 42 pagesOfficial version*0.37
TextText version**
How To Order

* The official version is derived from scanning the final, paper copy of the document and is the official,
archived version including all signatures, charts, etc.
** The text version is the OCR text of the final scanned version and is not an accurate representation of the final text.
It is provided solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.



Permanent URL for this page: http://go.worldbank.org/RL3A6ES080