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Quitting and labor turnover : microeconomic evidence and macroeconomic consequences, Volume 1
 
Author:Krebs, Tom; Maloney, William F.; Collection Title:Policy, Research working paper ; no. WPS 2068
Country:Mexico; Date Stored:2000/02/24
Document Date:1999/02/28Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Environmental Economics & Policies; Economic Theory & Research; Banks & Banking Reform; Labor Management and Relations; Health Monitoring & Evaluation; Labor Policies; Public Health PromotionLanguage:English
Major Sector:(Historic)Social ProtectionRegion:Latin America & Caribbean
Report Number:WPS2068Sub Sectors:Labor Markets & Employment
Volume No:1  

Summary: Combining microeconomic evidence with macroeconomic theory, the authors present an integrated approach to wage and employment determination in an economy where firms pay above market "efficiency wages" to prevent trained workers from quitting. The model offers predictions about the behavior of formal employment, labor turnover, and segmentation in response to formal sector productivity shocks (including economic growth and tax reductions), changes in the desirability of self-employment (formal sector tax rates), and the cost of training a new worker. They use panel data from Mexican labor surveys to estimate the quit function derived from the model and the results support their view that transitions from formal salaried work to informal self-employment are quits rather than fires. (Quitting is positively related to the mean self-employment income and the probability of being rehired and negatively related to the mean formal salaried wage.) They then use the parameters estimated from the quit function to calibrate the model economy and simulate the impacts of economic shocks and policy innovations and find the impact on employment, turnover, and segmentation to be substantial.

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