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Trade policy, trade volumes, and plant-level productivity in Colombian manufacturing industries, Volume 1
Author:Fernandes, Ana M.; Country:Colombia;
Date Stored:2003/07/08Document Date:2003/05/31
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Environmental Economics & Policies; Industrial Management; Economic Theory & Research; Free Trade; Trade Policy; Labor Policies; Municipal Financial Management
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:(Historic)Sector not applicable
Region:Latin America & CaribbeanReport Number:WPS3064
Sub Sectors:(Historic)Sector not applicableCollection Title:Policy, Research working paper series ; no. WPS 3064
Volume No:1  

Summary: Fernandes explores Colombian trade policy from 1977-91, a period of substantial variation in protection across industries, to examine whether increased exposure to foreign competition generates plant-level productivity gains. Using a large panel of manufacturing plants, she finds a strong positive impact of tariff liberalization on consistent productivity estimates, controlling for plant and industry heterogeneity. This result is not driven by the endogeneity of protection nor by plant exit. The impact of tariff liberalization on productivity is stronger for large plants and for plants in less competitive industries. Qualitatively similar results are obtained when using effective rates of protection and import penetration ratios as measures of protection

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