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Incomplete enforcement of pollution regulation : bargaining power of Chinese factories, Volume 1
 
Author:Hua Wang; Mamingi, Nlandu; Laplante, Benoit; Dasgupta, Susmita; Collection Title:Policy, Research working paper series ; no. WPS 2756
Country:China; Date Stored:2002/02/16
Document Date:2002/01/31Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:(Historic)Environment
Region:East Asia and PacificReport Number:WPS2756
Sub Sectors:Pollution Control / Waste ManagementSubTopics:Environmental Economics & Policies; Water Conservation; Water and Industry; Health Monitoring & Evaluation; TF030632-DANISH CTF - FY05 (DAC PART COUNTRIES GNP PER CAPITA BELOW USD 2,500/AL; Sanitation and Sewerage; Public Health Promotion
Volume No:1  

Summary: Only a small number of studies have empirically examined the determinants of the monitoring and enforcement performed by environmental regulators, and most of these have focused on industrial countries. In contrast, the authors empirically examine the determinants of enforcement in China. More precisely, they analyze the determinants of firms' relative bargaining power with local environmental authorities with respect to the enforcement of pollution charges. The authors show that private sector firms appear to have less bargaining power than state-owned enterprises. Contrary to earlier findings, they also show that firms facing adverse financial situations have more bargaining power than other firms and are more likely to pay smaller pollution charges than they should be paying. Finally, the authors show that the greater the social impact of a firm's emissions (as measured by complaints), the less bargaining power it has with local environmental authorities.

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