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Distortionary effects of state trading in agriculture : issues for the next round of negotiations, Volume 1
 
Author:Ingco, Merlinda; Ng, Francis; Collection Title:Policy, Research working paper ; no. WPS 1915
Date Stored:2001/05/14Document Date:1998/04/30
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Environmental Economics & Policies; Rules of Origin; Economic Theory & Research; Markets and Market Access; Payment Systems & Infrastructure; Free Trade; Access to Markets
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:(Historic)Economic Policy
Report Number:WPS1915Sub Sectors:Trade
Volume No:1  

Summary: The Uruguay Round agreements on agriculture were intended to move member countries toward a fair and market-oriented agricultural trading system. By progressively reducing domestic government support and export subsidies, converting nontariff barriers to tariffs, and reducing barriers to market access, members were committed to reducing distortions in world agricultural trade and in preventing new distortions from arising. But state trading enterprises with monopoly power or exclusive rights in agricultural trade in major products are still prevalent in both industrial and developing countries. In many countries, the operations of these state trading agencies tend in practice to nullify the intended objectives of the concessions on market access reached in the Uruguay Round. And there are still significant price distortions in trade in products subject to state trading.

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