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Cash transfers and child schooling : evidence from a randomized evaluation of the role of conditionality
Author:Akresh, Richard; de Walque, Damien; Kazianga, Harounan; Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 6340Impact Evaluation series ; no. IE 82
Country:Burkina Faso; Date Stored:2013/01/28
Document Date:2013/01/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:Education
Rel. Proj ID:BF-Conditional Cash Transfers In Burkina Faso -- -- P099430;Region:Africa
Report Number:WPS6340Sub Sectors:General education sector
SubTopics:Primary Education; Education For All; Youth and Governance; Street Children; Educational SciencesTF No/Name:TF094734-EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT OF A PILOT-PROJECT OF CONDITIONAL AND UNCONDI; TF093857-EVALUATING THE IMPACT OF A CONDITIONAL CASH TRANSFER PROGRAM AS A SOCIA; TF091649-GENDER
Volume No:1 of 1  

Summary: The authors conduct a randomized experiment in rural Burkina Faso to estimate the impact of alternative cash transfer delivery mechanisms on education. The two-year pilot program randomly distributed cash transfers that were either conditional or unconditional. Families under the conditional schemes were required to have their children ages 7-15 enrolled in school and attending classes regularly. There were no such requirements under the unconditional programs. The results indicate that unconditional and conditional cash transfer programs have a similar impact increasing the enrollment of children who are traditionally favored by parents for school participation, including boys, older children, and higher ability children. However, the conditional transfers are significantly more effective than the unconditional transfers in improving the enrollment of "marginal children" who are initially less likely to go to school, such as girls, younger children, and lower ability children. Thus, conditionality plays a critical role in benefiting children who are less likely to receive investments from their parents.

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