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Martin Ravallion


MARTIN RAVALLION is Director of the Development Research Group at the World Bank—the Bank’s research department. He has held various positions in the Bank since he joined as an Economist in 1988 and he has worked across multiple sectors and in all Bank regions.

Prior to joining the Bank, Martin was on the faculty of the Australian National University (ANU). He holds a Ph.D. in economics from the London School of Economics (LSE), and has taught economics at LSE, Oxford University, the Australian National University, Princeton University and the Paris School of Economics.

Martin’s main research interests over the last 25 years have concerned poverty and policies for fighting it. He is well-known for his work on measuring global poverty and for his work linking economic policies to the welfare of poor people, including the evaluation of anti-poverty programs. He has advised numerous governments and international agencies on these topics, and he has written extensively on them, including four books and over 200 papers in scholarly journals and edited volumes.

Martin currently serves on the Editorial Boards of ten economics journals, is a Senior Fellow of the Bureau for Research in Economic Analysis of Development and a Founding Council Member of the Society for the Study of Economic Inequality. In 2011 he received the John Kenneth Galbraith Award of America’s Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

The author's works below are drawn from the World Bank's institutional archives. You can also download other documents by this author.

Contact information: email:

World Bank working papers and publications

1 .Can subjective questions on economic welfare be trusted ? evidence for three developing countries
2 .Is workfare cost-effective against poverty in a poor labor-surplus economy?
3 .Testing information constraints on India's largest antipoverty program
4 .Benefit incidence with incentive effects, measurement errors and latent heterogeneity
5 .Long-term impacts of household electrification in rural India
6 .Trade insulation as social protection
7 .How long will it take to lift one billion people out of poverty ?
8 .Evaluating workfare when the work is unpleasant : evidence for India's national rural employment guarantee scheme
9 .Benchmarking global poverty reduction
10 .More relatively-poor people in a less absolutely-poor world
11 .Can we trust shoestring evaluations ?
12 .Does India's employment guarantee scheme guarantee employment ?
13 .Poor, or just feeling poor ? on using subjective data in measuring poverty
14 .Knowledgeable bankers ? the demand for research in World Bank operations
15 .On the implications of essential heterogeneity for estimating causal impacts using social experiments
16 .The World Bank economic review 25 (2)
17 .Is it what you inherited or what you learnt ? Intergenerational linkage and interpersonal inequality in Senegal
18 .Main report
19 .On multidimensional indices of poverty
20 .The World Bank research observer 26 (1)
21 .The two poverty enlightenments: historical insights from digitized books spanning three centuries
22 .Overview
23 .Troubling tradeoffs in the Human Development Index
24 .Mashup indices of development
25 .On measuring scientific influence
26 .The World Bank's publication record
27 .Poverty lines across the world
28 .Price levels and economic growth : making sense of the PPP changes between ICP rounds
29 .A comparative perspective on poverty reduction in Brazil, China and India
30 .Has India's economic growth become more pro-poor in the wake of economic reforms ?
31 .The pattern of growth and poverty reduction in China
32 .Do poorer countries have less capacity for redistribution ?
33 .The World Bank research observer 24 (2)
34 .Why don't we see poverty convergence ?
35 .Frame-of-reference bias in subjective welfare regressions
36 .The World Bank research observer 24 (1)
37 .Weakly relative poverty
38 .The World Bank economic review 23 (1)
39 .The World Bank economic review 23 (2)
40 .The developing world's bulging (but vulnerable) "middle class"
41 .Bailing out the world's poorest
42 .The developing world is poorer than we thought, but no less successful in the fight against poverty
43 .China is poorer than we thought, but no less successful in the fight against poverty
44 .Dollar a day revisited
45 .Global poverty and inequality : a review of the evidence
46 .Are there lasting impacts of aid to poor areas ? Evidence from rural China
47 .Evaluation in the practice of development
48 .Are there lessons for Africa from China's success against poverty ?
49 .On the welfarist rationale for relative poverty lines
50 .Poverty reduction without economic growth ? explaining Brazil's poverty dynamics, 1985-2004
51 .How relevant is targeting to the success of an antipoverty program ?
52 .A micro-decomposition analysis of the macroeconomic determinants of human development
53 .Geographic inequity in a decentralized anti-poverty program : a case study of China
54 .Absolute poverty measures for the developing world, 1981-2004
55 .New evidence on the urbanization of global poverty
56 .Partially awakened giants : uneven growth in China and India
57 .Does rising landlessness signal success or failure for Vietnam's agrarian transition?
58 .Di Bao : a guaranteed minimum income in urban China?
59 .Who cares about relative deprivation ?
60 .An econometric method of correcting for unit nonresponse bias in surveys
61 .Searching for the economic gradient in self-assessed health
62 .Inequality is bad for the poor
63 .Evaluating anti-poverty programs
64 .Is a guaranteed living wage a good anti-poverty policy?
65 .A poverty-inequality trade-off?
66 .On the contribution of demographic change to aggregate poverty measures for the developing world
67 .Survey nonresponse and the distribution of income
68 .Lasting local impacts of an economywide crisis
69 .Looking beyond averages in the trade and poverty debate
70 .China's (uneven) progress against poverty
71 .China's (uneven) progress against poverty
72 .The World Bank economic review 18 (3)
73 .The World Bank research observer 19 (2)
74 .Gainers and losers from trade reform in Morocco
75 .How Have the World's Poorest Fared Since the Early 1980s?
76 .Competing concepts of inequality in the globalization debate
77 .Pro-poor growth : A primer
78 .The World Bank economic review 18 (1)
79 .In measuring aggregate "social efficiency"
80 .Social protection in a crisis - Argentina's Plan Jefes y Jefas
81 .On the utility consistency of poverty lines
82 .Hidden impact ? Ex-post evaluation of an anti-poverty program
83 .Household welfare impacts of China's accession to the World Trade Organization
84 .Targeted transfers in poor countries : revisiting the tradeoffs and policy options
85 .The debate on globalization, poverty, and inequality : why measurement matters
86 .Land allocation in Vietnam's agrarian transition
87 .Survey compliance and the distribution of income
88 .Externalities in rural development - evidence for China
89 .Rich and powerful? Subjective power and welfare in Russia
90 .Is India's economic growth leaving the poor behind?
91 .Assisting the transition from workfare to work : a randomized experiment
92 .Breaking up the collective farm : welfare outcomes of Vietnam's massive land privatization
93 .Household income dynamics in rural China
94 .Do workfare participants recover quickly from retrenchment?
95 .The World Bank research observer 16 (2)
96 .Does piped water reduce diarrhea for children in rural India ?
97 .Measuring aggregate welfare in developing countries - How well do national accounts and surveys agree?
98 .Measuring pro-poor growth
99 .Inequality convergence
100 .On the urbanization of poverty


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