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Martin Ravallion


MARTIN RAVALLION is Director of the Development Research Group at the World Bank—the Bank’s research department. He has held various positions in the Bank since he joined as an Economist in 1988 and he has worked across multiple sectors and in all Bank regions.

Prior to joining the Bank, Martin was on the faculty of the Australian National University (ANU). He holds a Ph.D. in economics from the London School of Economics (LSE), and has taught economics at LSE, Oxford University, the Australian National University, Princeton University and the Paris School of Economics.

Martin’s main research interests over the last 25 years have concerned poverty and policies for fighting it. He is well-known for his work on measuring global poverty and for his work linking economic policies to the welfare of poor people, including the evaluation of anti-poverty programs. He has advised numerous governments and international agencies on these topics, and he has written extensively on them, including four books and over 200 papers in scholarly journals and edited volumes.

Martin currently serves on the Editorial Boards of ten economics journals, is a Senior Fellow of the Bureau for Research in Economic Analysis of Development and a Founding Council Member of the Society for the Study of Economic Inequality. In 2011 he received the John Kenneth Galbraith Award of America’s Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

The author's works below are drawn from the World Bank's institutional archives. You can also download other documents by this author.

Contact information: email:

World Bank Research Dataset

Deposit Insurance around the World: A Comprehensive Database
Policies and Institutions that Promote Saving: module 1 (National saving)

World Bank working papers and publications

1 .A poor means test ? econometric targeting in Africa
2 .Growth, urbanization, and poverty reduction in India
3 .Can subjective questions on economic welfare be trusted ? evidence for three developing countries
4 .Is workfare cost-effective against poverty in a poor labor-surplus economy?
5 .Testing information constraints on India's largest antipoverty program
6 .Benefit incidence with incentive effects, measurement errors and latent heterogeneity
7 .Long-term impacts of household electrification in rural India
8 .Trade insulation as social protection
9 .How long will it take to lift one billion people out of poverty ?
10 .Evaluating workfare when the work is unpleasant : evidence for India's national rural employment guarantee scheme
11 .Benchmarking global poverty reduction
12 .More relatively-poor people in a less absolutely-poor world
13 .Can we trust shoestring evaluations ?
14 .Does India's employment guarantee scheme guarantee employment ?
15 .Poor, or just feeling poor ? on using subjective data in measuring poverty
16 .Knowledgeable bankers ? the demand for research in World Bank operations
17 .On the implications of essential heterogeneity for estimating causal impacts using social experiments
18 .The World Bank economic review 25 (2)
19 .Is it what you inherited or what you learnt ? Intergenerational linkage and interpersonal inequality in Senegal
20 .Main report
21 .On multidimensional indices of poverty
22 .The World Bank research observer 26 (1)
23 .The two poverty enlightenments: historical insights from digitized books spanning three centuries
24 .Overview
25 .Troubling tradeoffs in the Human Development Index
26 .Mashup indices of development
27 .On measuring scientific influence
28 .The World Bank's publication record
29 .Poverty lines across the world
30 .Price levels and economic growth : making sense of the PPP changes between ICP rounds
31 .A comparative perspective on poverty reduction in Brazil, China and India
32 .Has India's economic growth become more pro-poor in the wake of economic reforms ?
33 .The pattern of growth and poverty reduction in China
34 .Do poorer countries have less capacity for redistribution ?
35 .The World Bank research observer 24 (2)
36 .Why don't we see poverty convergence ?
37 .Frame-of-reference bias in subjective welfare regressions
38 .The World Bank research observer 24 (1)
39 .Weakly relative poverty
40 .The World Bank economic review 23 (1)
41 .The World Bank economic review 23 (2)
42 .The developing world's bulging (but vulnerable) "middle class"
43 .Bailing out the world's poorest
44 .The developing world is poorer than we thought, but no less successful in the fight against poverty
45 .China is poorer than we thought, but no less successful in the fight against poverty
46 .Dollar a day revisited
47 .Global poverty and inequality : a review of the evidence
48 .Are there lasting impacts of aid to poor areas ? Evidence from rural China
49 .Evaluation in the practice of development
50 .Are there lessons for Africa from China's success against poverty ?
51 .On the welfarist rationale for relative poverty lines
52 .Poverty reduction without economic growth ? explaining Brazil's poverty dynamics, 1985-2004
53 .How relevant is targeting to the success of an antipoverty program ?
54 .A micro-decomposition analysis of the macroeconomic determinants of human development
55 .Geographic inequity in a decentralized anti-poverty program : a case study of China
56 .Absolute poverty measures for the developing world, 1981-2004
57 .New evidence on the urbanization of global poverty
58 .Partially awakened giants : uneven growth in China and India
59 .Does rising landlessness signal success or failure for Vietnam's agrarian transition?
60 .Di Bao : a guaranteed minimum income in urban China?
61 .Who cares about relative deprivation ?
62 .An econometric method of correcting for unit nonresponse bias in surveys
63 .Searching for the economic gradient in self-assessed health
64 .Inequality is bad for the poor
65 .Evaluating anti-poverty programs
66 .Is a guaranteed living wage a good anti-poverty policy?
67 .A poverty-inequality trade-off?
68 .On the contribution of demographic change to aggregate poverty measures for the developing world
69 .Survey nonresponse and the distribution of income
70 .Lasting local impacts of an economywide crisis
71 .Looking beyond averages in the trade and poverty debate
72 .China's (uneven) progress against poverty
73 .China's (uneven) progress against poverty
74 .The World Bank economic review 18 (3)
75 .The World Bank research observer 19 (2)
76 .Gainers and losers from trade reform in Morocco
77 .How Have the World's Poorest Fared Since the Early 1980s?
78 .Competing concepts of inequality in the globalization debate
79 .Pro-poor growth : A primer
80 .The World Bank economic review 18 (1)
81 .In measuring aggregate "social efficiency"
82 .Social protection in a crisis - Argentina's Plan Jefes y Jefas
83 .On the utility consistency of poverty lines
84 .Hidden impact ? Ex-post evaluation of an anti-poverty program
85 .Household welfare impacts of China's accession to the World Trade Organization
86 .Targeted transfers in poor countries : revisiting the tradeoffs and policy options
87 .The debate on globalization, poverty, and inequality : why measurement matters
88 .Land allocation in Vietnam's agrarian transition
89 .Survey compliance and the distribution of income
90 .Externalities in rural development - evidence for China
91 .Rich and powerful? Subjective power and welfare in Russia
92 .Is India's economic growth leaving the poor behind?
93 .Assisting the transition from workfare to work : a randomized experiment
94 .Breaking up the collective farm : welfare outcomes of Vietnam's massive land privatization
95 .Household income dynamics in rural China
96 .Do workfare participants recover quickly from retrenchment?
97 .The World Bank research observer 16 (2)
98 .Does piped water reduce diarrhea for children in rural India ?
99 .Measuring aggregate welfare in developing countries - How well do national accounts and surveys agree?
100 .Measuring pro-poor growth


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