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Martin Ravallion


MARTIN RAVALLION is Director of the Development Research Group at the World Bank—the Bank’s research department. He has held various positions in the Bank since he joined as an Economist in 1988 and he has worked across multiple sectors and in all Bank regions.

Prior to joining the Bank, Martin was on the faculty of the Australian National University (ANU). He holds a Ph.D. in economics from the London School of Economics (LSE), and has taught economics at LSE, Oxford University, the Australian National University, Princeton University and the Paris School of Economics.

Martin’s main research interests over the last 25 years have concerned poverty and policies for fighting it. He is well-known for his work on measuring global poverty and for his work linking economic policies to the welfare of poor people, including the evaluation of anti-poverty programs. He has advised numerous governments and international agencies on these topics, and he has written extensively on them, including four books and over 200 papers in scholarly journals and edited volumes.

Martin currently serves on the Editorial Boards of ten economics journals, is a Senior Fellow of the Bureau for Research in Economic Analysis of Development and a Founding Council Member of the Society for the Study of Economic Inequality. In 2011 he received the John Kenneth Galbraith Award of America’s Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

The author's works below are drawn from the World Bank's institutional archives. You can also download other documents by this author.

Contact information: email:

World Bank Research Dataset

Deposit Insurance around the World: A Comprehensive Database
Policies and Institutions that Promote Saving: module 1 (National saving)

World Bank working papers and publications

1 .Are poor individuals mainly found in poor households ? evidence using nutrition data for Africa
2 .Are poor individuals mainly found in poor households ? evidence using nutrition data for Africa
3 .Are poor individuals mainly found in poor households ? evidence using nutrition data for Africa
4 .For India's rural poor, growing towns matter more than growing cities
5 .For India's rural poor, growing towns matter more than growing cities
6 .For India's rural poor, growing towns matter more than growing cities
7 .A poor means test ? econometric targeting in Africa
8 .Growth, urbanization, and poverty reduction in India
9 .The world bank economic review 28 (3)
10 .The world bank economic review 28 (3)
11 .The world bank economic review 28 (3)
12 .Can subjective questions on economic welfare be trusted ? evidence for three developing countries
13 .Is workfare cost-effective against poverty in a poor labor-surplus economy?
14 .Testing information constraints on India's largest antipoverty program
15 .The World Bank research observer 28 (2)
16 .The World Bank research observer 28 (2)
17 .The World Bank research observer 28 (2)
18 .Benefit incidence with incentive effects, measurement errors and latent heterogeneity
19 .Long-term impacts of household electrification in rural India
20 .Trade insulation as social protection
21 .How long will it take to lift one billion people out of poverty ?
22 .Evaluating workfare when the work is unpleasant : evidence for India's national rural employment guarantee scheme
23 .Benchmarking global poverty reduction
24 .More relatively-poor people in a less absolutely-poor world
25 .Can we trust shoestring evaluations ?
26 .Does India's employment guarantee scheme guarantee employment ?
27 .Poor, or just feeling poor ? on using subjective data in measuring poverty
28 .Knowledgeable bankers ? the demand for research in World Bank operations
29 .On the implications of essential heterogeneity for estimating causal impacts using social experiments
30 .The World Bank economic review 25 (2)
31 .Is it what you inherited or what you learnt ? Intergenerational linkage and interpersonal inequality in Senegal
32 .Main report
33 .On multidimensional indices of poverty
34 .The World Bank research observer 26 (1)
35 .The two poverty enlightenments: historical insights from digitized books spanning three centuries
36 .Overview
37 .Troubling tradeoffs in the Human Development Index
38 .Mashup indices of development
39 .On measuring scientific influence
40 .The World Bank's publication record
41 .Poverty lines across the world
42 .Price levels and economic growth : making sense of the PPP changes between ICP rounds
43 .A comparative perspective on poverty reduction in Brazil, China and India
44 .Has India's economic growth become more pro-poor in the wake of economic reforms ?
45 .The pattern of growth and poverty reduction in China
46 .Do poorer countries have less capacity for redistribution ?
47 .The World Bank research observer 24 (2)
48 .Why don't we see poverty convergence ?
49 .Frame-of-reference bias in subjective welfare regressions
50 .The World Bank research observer 24 (1)
51 .Weakly relative poverty
52 .The World Bank economic review 23 (1)
53 .The World Bank economic review 23 (2)
54 .The developing world's bulging (but vulnerable) "middle class"
55 .Bailing out the world's poorest
56 .The developing world is poorer than we thought, but no less successful in the fight against poverty
57 .China is poorer than we thought, but no less successful in the fight against poverty
58 .Dollar a day revisited
59 .Global poverty and inequality : a review of the evidence
60 .Are there lasting impacts of aid to poor areas ? Evidence from rural China
61 .Evaluation in the practice of development
62 .Are there lessons for Africa from China's success against poverty ?
63 .On the welfarist rationale for relative poverty lines
64 .Poverty reduction without economic growth ? explaining Brazil's poverty dynamics, 1985-2004
65 .How relevant is targeting to the success of an antipoverty program ?
66 .A micro-decomposition analysis of the macroeconomic determinants of human development
67 .Geographic inequity in a decentralized anti-poverty program : a case study of China
68 .Absolute poverty measures for the developing world, 1981-2004
69 .New evidence on the urbanization of global poverty
70 .Partially awakened giants : uneven growth in China and India
71 .Does rising landlessness signal success or failure for Vietnam's agrarian transition?
72 .Di Bao : a guaranteed minimum income in urban China?
73 .Who cares about relative deprivation ?
74 .An econometric method of correcting for unit nonresponse bias in surveys
75 .Searching for the economic gradient in self-assessed health
76 .Inequality is bad for the poor
77 .Evaluating anti-poverty programs
78 .Is a guaranteed living wage a good anti-poverty policy?
79 .A poverty-inequality trade-off?
80 .On the contribution of demographic change to aggregate poverty measures for the developing world
81 .Survey nonresponse and the distribution of income
82 .Lasting local impacts of an economywide crisis
83 .Looking beyond averages in the trade and poverty debate
84 .China's (uneven) progress against poverty
85 .China's (uneven) progress against poverty
86 .The World Bank economic review 18 (3)
87 .The World Bank research observer 19 (2)
88 .Gainers and losers from trade reform in Morocco
89 .How Have the World's Poorest Fared Since the Early 1980s?
90 .Competing concepts of inequality in the globalization debate
91 .Pro-poor growth : A primer
92 .The World Bank economic review 18 (1)
93 .In measuring aggregate "social efficiency"
94 .Social protection in a crisis - Argentina's Plan Jefes y Jefas
95 .On the utility consistency of poverty lines
96 .Hidden impact ? Ex-post evaluation of an anti-poverty program
97 .Household welfare impacts of China's accession to the World Trade Organization
98 .Targeted transfers in poor countries : revisiting the tradeoffs and policy options
99 .The debate on globalization, poverty, and inequality : why measurement matters
100 .Land allocation in Vietnam's agrarian transition


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