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Norman V. Loayza

Lead Economist

NORMAN LOAYZA is currently lead economist in the research department of the World Bank.  He was born in Arequipa, Peru, and studied high school and general university studies in Lima.  He obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree from Brigham Young University, in the specialties of economics and sociology.  Norman continued his studies at Harvard University, from which he received a Ph.D. degree in economics in 1994.  Since then, he has worked at the research group of the World Bank, with an interruption of two years (1999-2000) when he worked as senior economist at the Central Bank of Chile.  Norman has taught post-graduate courses and seminars at the University of the Pacific in Lima, the Catholic University of Chile, and the University of Sao Paulo.  He has presented seminars and conferences in places as diverse as Nairobi, Buenos Aires, Helsinki, Mexico City, El Cairo, Rio de Janeiro, and Madrid.  Throughout his professional life, Norman has studied several areas related to economic and social development, including economic growth, private saving, financial depth, monetary policy, trade openness, poverty alleviation, and crime prevention.  As result from this research, he has edited five books and published more than thirty articles in professional journals. 

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World Bank working papers and publications

1 .Informality in the process of development and growth
2 .Illicit activity and money laundering from an economic growth perspective : a model and an application to Colombia
3 .??????2014 :??????? ? ???????????
4 .World development report 2014 : risk and opportunity - managing risk for development
5 .Relat�rio Sobre o Desenvolvimento Mundial 2014 : risco e oportunidade - gerenciamento de riscos para o desenvolvimento : vis�o geral
6 .Informe sobre el desarrollo mundial 2014 : riesgo y oportunidad - la administracion del riesgo como instrumento de desarrollo : panorama general
7 .Rapport sur le developpement dans le monde 2014 : risques et opportunites - la gestion du risque a l'appui du developpement : abrege
8 .World development report 2014 : risk and opportunity - managing risk for development : overview
9 .World development report 2014 : risk and opportunity - managing risk for development : overview
10 .World development report 2014 : risk and opportunity - managing risk for development : overview
11 .World development report 2014 : risk and opportunity - managing risk for development : overview
12 .Poverty, inequality, and the local natural resource curse
13 .Saving and growth in Sri Lanka
14 .Do middle classes bring institutional reforms ?
15 .The impact of wealth on the amount and quality of child labor
16 .More than you can handle : decentralization and spending ability of Peruvian municipalities
17 .Saving and growth in Egypt
18 .Why are developing countries so slow in adopting new technologies ? the aggregate and complementary impact of micro distortions
19 .Innocent bystanders : developing countries and the war on drugs
20 .Business regulation and economic performance
21 .Medium-term business cycles in developing countries
22 .Privatization and nationalization cycles
23 .The growth aftermath of natural disasters
24 .Natural disasters and growth - going beyond the averages
25 .Informality in Latin America and the Caribbean
26 .The development impact of the illegality of drug trade
27 .The World Bank economic review 22 (1)
28 .The aftermath of civil war
29 .The World Bank economic review 21 (3)
30 .Informality trends and cycles
31 .The composition of growth matters for poverty alleviation
32 .The structural determinants of external vulnerability
33 .Openness can be good for growth : the role of policy complementarities
34 .Does openness imply greater exposure ?
35 .The impact of regulation on growth and informality - cross-country evidence
36 .Regulation and macroeconomic performance
37 .Financial development, financial fragility, and growth
38 .On the measurement of market-oriented reforms
39 .Country Portfolios
40 .Greenfield foreign direct investment and mergers and acquisitions - feedback and macroeconomic effects
41 .Volatility and growth
42 .Do capital flows respond to risk and return?
43 .World market integration through the lens of foreign direct investors
44 .Accountability and corruption : political institutions matter
45 .The World Bank economic review 14 (3)
46 .Determinants of current account deficits in developing countries
47 .What drives private saving around the world?
48 .External sustainability : a stock equilibrium perspective
49 .Finance and the sources of growth
50 .Financial intermediation and growth : Causality and causes
51 .Economic reform and progress in Latin America and the Caribbean
52 .The economics of the informal sector : a simple model and some empirical evidence from Latin America
53 .The peace dividend : military spending cuts and economic growth
54 .A test of the international convergence hypothesis using panel data
55 .Labor regulations and the informal economy
56 .Taxation, public services, and the informal sector in a model of endogenous growth

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