IBRAHIM A. ELBADAWI, a Sudanese national, is a Lead Economist at the Development Economic Research Group of the World Bank. He joined the Bank in 1989 and holds a Ph.D. degree in economics and statistics from North Carolina State and Northwestern Universities. He joined the World Bank in 1989, including spending five years of external service in Nairobi from 1993 to 1998, where he served as the Research Director of the African Economic Research Consortium. Before joining the World Bank he was an Associate Professor of Economics at the University of Gezira in Sudan and has taught macroeconomics and econometrics courses at the MA program of the Economic Growth Center and the Department of Economics of Yale University. Since returning to the Bank in 1998 he managed two widely cited projects: the collaborative study (sponsored by the World Bank and several African research and policy institutions) on "Can Africa Claim the 21st Century" (1999-2000) and the research project on “the economics of civil wars, crime and violence" (1998-2003). He has also task-managed the “Regional Program for Enterprise Development” at the Africa Region of the World Bank (2001-2003). More recently (2004-2005) he coordinated the economic cluster team of the Multi-donor Sudan’s Joint Assessment Mission, following the end of the Sudanese civil war. His research interests include exchange rate economics; growth; aid effectiveness; democracy and development; and, economics of civil wars. His research and policy experiences cover Africa and the Middle East. He is also a Research Fellow of the Economic Research Forum for the Arab World, Iran and Turkey (ERF) and a member of its Advisory Committee. Currently Elbadawi is managing a research project on “Post-conflict Transitions" as well as coordinating a research effort on "Exchange Rate Policy in Low-Income Countries", sponsored by the Africa Region of the World Bank.
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