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Ana Margarida Fernandes

Senior Economist

ANA MARGARIDA FERNANDES is a Senior Economist in the Development Research Group (Trade and Integration Unit). She joined the World Bank as a Young Economist in 2002. Her current research focuses on the consequences of openness to trade and FDI for firm-level outcomes such as productivity, technological innovation, quality upgrarding, and skilled labor demand. She has studied more broadly the determinants of firm-level performance, including the role of the business environment, in Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, Thailand, countries in Central America, and transition economies. She has also examined the consequences of liberalization and openness of the services sector to FDI for the performance of services firms and for the performance of manufacturing services users. Recently she has studied issues relating to professional services in Eastern and Southern Africa. She is currently studying the effects of trade and industrial policies for agglomeration of manufacturing industries in India. She received her M.A., M. Phil., and Ph.D. in Economics from Yale University and a B.A. from Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal.


World Bank working papers and publications

1 .Evaluating aid for trade : a survey of recent studies
2 .Micro dynamics of Turkey's export boom in the 2000s
3 .Export entrepreneurship and trade structure in Latin America during good and bad times
4 .Are the benefits of export support durable ? evidence from Tunisia
5 .Learning from the experiments that never happened : lessons from trying to conduct randomized evaluations of matching grant programs in Africa
6 .Exporter dynamics database
7 .The risks of innovation : are innovating firms less likely to die ?
8 .Together we stand ? agglomeration in Indian manufacturing
9 .Explaining local manufacturing growth in Chile : the advantages of sectoral diversity
10 .Impact evaluation of trade interventions : paving the way
11 .The World Bank economic review 24 (1)
12 .Does tougher import competition foster product quality upgrading ?
13 .Professional services and development : a study of Mozambique
14 .Foreign direct investment in services and manufacturing productivity growth: evidence for Chile
15 .Technology adoption and the investment climate : firm-level evidence for Eastern Europe and Central Asia
16 .Firm Productivity in Bangladesh Manufacturing Industries
17 .Openness and technological innovations in developing countries : evidence from firm-level surveys
18 .Learning-by-doing, learning-by-exporting, and productivity : evidence from Colombia
19 .International economic activities and the demand for skilled labor: evidence from Brazil and China
20 .Trade policy, trade volumes, and plant-level productivity in Colombian manufacturing industries

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