Click here for search results

David McKenzie

Lead Economist

DAVID MCKENZIE is a Lead Economist in the Development Research Group, Finance and Private Sector Development Unit. He received his B.Com.(Hons)/B.A. from the University of Auckland, New Zealand and his Ph.D. in Economics from Yale University. Prior to joining the World Bank, he spent four years as an assistant professor of Economics at Stanford University. His main research is on migration, microenterprises, and methodology for use with developing country data. He has published over 90 articles in journals such as Quarterly Journal of Economics, Science, Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of the European Economic Association, American Economic Journal: Applied Micro, Journal of Econometrics, and all leading development journals. He is currently on the editorial boards of the Journal of Development Economics, World Bank Economic Review, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Fiscal Studies and Migration Studies.

Contact information:Email: David McKenzie, c/o

  • Website:







































































































































































































World Bank working papers and publications

1 .How effective are active labor market policies in developing countries ? a critical review of recent evidence
2 .Growing markets through business training for female entrepreneurs : a market-level randomized experiment in Kenya
3 .Can grants to consortia spur innovation and science-industry collaboration? : regression-discontinuity evidence from Poland
4 .Labor drops : experimental evidence on the return to additional labor in microenterprises
5 .Can enhancing the benefits of formalization induce informal firms to become formal ? experimental evidence from Benin
6 .The long-term impact of international migration on economic decision-making : evidence from a migration lottery and lab-in-the-field experiments
7 .Can business owners form accurate counterfactuals ? eliciting treatment and control beliefs about their outcomes in the alternative treatment status
8 .The World Bank economic review 30 (1);
9 .Development economics as taught in developing countries
10 .Finding a path to formalization in Benin : early results after the introduction of the entreprenant legal status
11 .The long-term impacts of international migration : evidence from a lottery
12 .The demand for, and impact of, youth internships: evidence from a randomized experiment in Yemen
13 .The additionality impact of a matching grant program for small firms : experimental evidence from Yemen
14 .Business practices in small firms in developing countries
15 .Identifying and spurring high-growth entrepreneurship : experimental evidence from a business plan competition
16 .The World Bank research observer 30 (2)
17 .Short-term impacts of formalization assistance and a bank information session on business registration and access to finance in Malawi
18 .Evidence on policies to increase the development impacts of international migration
19 .Radio frequency (un)identification : results from a proof-of-concept trial of the use of RFID technology to measure microenterprise turnover in Sri Lanka
20 .Macroinsurance for microenterprises : a randomized experiment in post-revolution Egypt
21 .Testing the importance of search frictions, matching, and reservation prestige through randomized experiments in Jordan
22 .The World Bank research observer 29 (2)
23 .Directing remittances to education with soft and hard commitments : evidence from a lab-in-the-field experiment and new product take-up among Filipino migrants in Rome
24 .Why don't remittances appear to affect growth ?
25 .Do poverty traps exist ?
26 .The impact of vocational training for the unemployed : experimental evidence from Turkey
27 .The World Bank research observer 29 (1)
28 .The World Bank economic review 28 (1)
29 .Development through seasonal worker programs : the case of New Zealand's RSE program
30 .Unilateral facilitation does not raise international labor migration from the Philippines
31 .Entry regulation and formalization of microenterprises in developing countries
32 .A helping hand or the long arm of the law ? experimental evidence on what governments can do to formalize firms
33 .Why is voluntary financial education so unpopular ? Experimental evidence from Mexico
34 .Eliciting illegal migration rates through list randomization
35 .Using administrative data to evaluate municipal reforms : an evaluation of the impact of Minas Facil Expresso
36 .Learning from the experiments that never happened : lessons from trying to conduct randomized evaluations of matching grant programs in Africa
37 .What are we learning from business training and entrepreneurship evaluations around the developing world ?
38 .Who you train matters : identifying complementary effects of financial education on migrant households
39 .Business training and female enterprise start-up, growth, and dynamics : experimental evidence from Sri Lanka
40 .Soft skills or hard cash ? the impact of training and wage subsidy programs on female youth employment in Jordan
41 .The impact of financial literacy training for migrants
42 .Distortions in the international migrant labor market :evidence from Filipino migration and wage responses to destination country economic shocks
43 .The demand for, and consequences of, formalization among informal firms in Sri Lanka
44 .The impact of economics blogs
45 .When is capital enough to get female enterprises growing ? evidence from a randomized experiment in Ghana
46 .Eight questions about brain drain
47 .Beyond baseline and follow-up : the case for more t in experiments
48 .How can we learn whether firm policies are working in africa ? challenges (and solutions?) for experiments and structural models
49 .Does management matter ? evidence from India
50 .The World Bank economic review 25 (1)
51 .Using repeated cross-sections to explore movements in and out of poverty
52 .The development impact of a best practice seasonal worker policy
53 .Eliciting probabilistic expectations with visual aids in developing countries : how sensitive are answers to variations in elicitation design ?
54 .Experimental approaches in migration studies
55 .The World Bank research observer 25 (2)
56 .The economic consequences of "brain drain" of the best and brightest: microeconomic evidence from five countries
57 .Accounting for selectivity and duration-dependent heterogeneity when estimating the impact of emigration on incomes and poverty in sending areas
58 .Enterprise recovery following natural disasters
59 .The remitting patterns of African migrants in the OECD
60 .Remittances and the brain drain revisited : the microdata show that more educated migrants remit more
61 .The impacts of international migration on remaining household members : omnibus results from a migration lottery program
62 .The microeconomic determinants of emigration and return migration of the best and brightest : evidence from the Pacific
63 .Impact assessments in finance and private sector development : what have we learned and what should we learn ?
64 .Innovative firms or innovative owners ? determinants of innovation in micro, small, and medium enterprises
65 .Measuring subjective expectations in developing Countries : a critical review and new evidence
66 .The World Bank economic review 23 (1)
67 .Are women more credit constrained ? experimental evidence on gender and microenterprise returns
68 .In pursuit of balance : randomization in practice in development field experiments
69 .How pro-poor is the selection of seasonal migrant workers from Tonga under New Zealand's recognized seasonal employer program ?
70 .Who is coming from Vanuatu to New Zealand under the new recognized Seasonal employer program ?
71 .Who are the microenterprise owners ? Evidence from Sri Lanka on Tokman v. de Soto
72 .Mental health patterns and consequences : results from survey data in five developing countries
73 .The World Bank economic review 22 (3)
74 .Does it pay firms to register for taxes ? the impact of formality on firm profitability
75 .Migration, remittances, poverty, and human capital : conceptual and empirical challenges
76 .Measuring microenterprise profits : don't ask how the sausage is made
77 .Returns to capital in microenterprises : evidence from a field experiment
78 .Using the global positioning system in household surveys for better economics and better policy
79 .A land of milk and honey with streets paved with gold : do emigrants have over-optimistic expectations about incomes abroad ?
80 .Migration and mental health : evidence from a natural experiment
81 .Self-selection patterns in Mexico-U.S. migration : the role of migration networks
82 .The World Bank research observer 22 (2)
83 .World development report 2007 : development and the next generation
84 .World development report 2007 : development and the next generation
85 .Informe sobre el desarrollo mundial : el desarrollo y la nueva generacion
86 .A profile of the world's young developing country migrants
87 .World development report 2007 : development and the next generation
88 .World development report 2007 : development and the next generation
89 .World development report 2007 : development and the next generation
90 .World development report 2007 : development and the next generation
91 .Can migration reduce educational attainment ? Evidence from Mexico
92 .How important is selection ? Experimental versus non-experimental measures of the income gains from migration
93 .The effects of migration on child health in Mexico
94 .An econometric analysis of IBRD creditworthiness

Permanent URL for this page:

© 2016 The World Bank Group, All Rights Reserved. Legal