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Leora Klapper

Lead Economist


LEORA KLAPPER is a Lead Economist in the Finance and Private Sector Research Team of the Development Research Group at the World Bank. Since joining the Bank as a Young Economist in 1998, she has published on entrepreneurship, access to finance, corporate governance, bankruptcy, and risk management. Her current research focuses on entrepreneurship and household finance, and measurements of financial inclusion.  Prior to coming to the Bank she worked at the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Bank of Israel, and Salomon Smith Barney. She holds a Ph.D. in Financial Economics from New York University Stern School of Business.

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World Bank Research Dataset

Deposit Insurance around the World: A Comprehensive Database
Policies and Institutions that Promote Saving: module 1 (National saving)

World Bank working papers and publications

1 .Financial inclusion and inclusive growth : a review of recent empirical evidence
2 .Financial inclusion and inclusive growth : a review of recent empirical evidence
3 .Saving for old age
4 .The Global Findex Database 2014 : measuring financial inclusion around the world
5 .New firm registration and the business cycle
6 .Civil conflict and firm performance : evidence from Cote d'Ivoire
7 .Financial inclusion and the role of the post office
8 .Islamic finance and financial inclusion: measuring use of and demand for formal financial services among Muslim adults
9 .The role of private equity investments in public firms : international evidence
10 .Financial inclusion and legal discrimination against women : evidence from developing countries
11 .The foundations of financial inclusion : understanding ownership and use of formal accounts
12 .The World Bank research observer 27 (2)
13 .Incentivizing calculated risk-taking :evidence from an experiment with commercial bank loan officers
14 .Financial inclusion in Africa : an overview
15 .Measuring financial inclusion : the Global Findex Database
16 .Financial literacy and the financial crisis
17 .Financing businesses in Africa : the role of microfinance
18 .Financial literacy and retirement planning : the Russian case
19 .Patterns of business creation, survival and growth : evidence from Africa
20 .Trade credit contracts
21 .The impact of business environment reforms on new firm registration
22 .The challenges of bankruptcy reform
23 .The impact of the financial crisis on new firm registration
24 .Trade credit contracts
25 .The impact of the business environment on the business creation process
26 .Market power and the matching of trade credit terms
27 .Taxation and capital structure : evidence from a transition economy
28 .Entrepreneurship and firm formation across countries
29 .A firm-level analysis of small and medium size enterprise financing in Poland
30 .Corporate governance and bank performance : a joint analysis of the static, selection, and dynamic effects of domestic, foreign, and state ownership
31 .The role of factoring for financing small and medium enterprises
32 .American Depositary Receipts (ADR) holdings of U.S. based emerging market funds
33 .A survey of government regulation and intervention in financial markets
34 .Financing small and medium-size enterprises with factoring: global growth and its potential in eastern Europe
35 .Business environment and firm entry : Evidence from international data
36 .Further evidence on the link between finance and growth : an international analysis of community banking and economic performance
37 .Portfolio preferences of foreign institutional investors
38 .The global growth of mutual funds
39 .Small and medium size enterprise financing in Eastern Europe
40 .Bankruptcy around the world - explanations of its relative use
41 .Corporate governance, investor protection, and performance in emerging markets
42 .The ability of banks to lend to informationally opaque small businesses
43 .The uniqueness of short-term collateralization
44 .Resolution of corporate distress - evidence from East Asia's financial crisis

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