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Leora Klapper

Lead Economist


LEORA KLAPPER is a Lead Economist in the Finance and Private Sector Research Team of the Development Research Group at the World Bank. Since joining the Bank as a Young Economist in 1998, she has published on entrepreneurship, access to finance, corporate governance, bankruptcy, and risk management. Her current research focuses on entrepreneurship and household finance, and measurements of financial inclusion.  Prior to coming to the Bank she worked at the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Bank of Israel, and Salomon Smith Barney. She holds a Ph.D. in Financial Economics from New York University Stern School of Business.

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World Bank Research Dataset

Deposit Insurance around the World: A Comprehensive Database
Policies and Institutions that Promote Saving: module 1 (National saving)

World Bank working papers and publications

1 .Financial inclusion and inclusive growth : a review of recent empirical evidence
2 .Saving for old age
3 .The Global Findex Database 2014 : measuring financial inclusion around the world
4 .New firm registration and the business cycle
5 .Civil conflict and firm performance : evidence from Cote d'Ivoire
6 .Financial inclusion and the role of the post office
7 .Islamic finance and financial inclusion: measuring use of and demand for formal financial services among Muslim adults
8 .The role of private equity investments in public firms : international evidence
9 .Financial inclusion and legal discrimination against women : evidence from developing countries
10 .The foundations of financial inclusion : understanding ownership and use of formal accounts
11 .The World Bank research observer 27 (2)
12 .Incentivizing calculated risk-taking :evidence from an experiment with commercial bank loan officers
13 .Financial inclusion in Africa : an overview
14 .Measuring financial inclusion : the Global Findex Database
15 .Financial literacy and the financial crisis
16 .Financing businesses in Africa : the role of microfinance
17 .Financial literacy and retirement planning : the Russian case
18 .Patterns of business creation, survival and growth : evidence from Africa
19 .Trade credit contracts
20 .The impact of business environment reforms on new firm registration
21 .The challenges of bankruptcy reform
22 .The impact of the financial crisis on new firm registration
23 .Trade credit contracts
24 .The impact of the business environment on the business creation process
25 .Market power and the matching of trade credit terms
26 .Taxation and capital structure : evidence from a transition economy
27 .Entrepreneurship and firm formation across countries
28 .A firm-level analysis of small and medium size enterprise financing in Poland
29 .Corporate governance and bank performance : a joint analysis of the static, selection, and dynamic effects of domestic, foreign, and state ownership
30 .The role of factoring for financing small and medium enterprises
31 .American Depositary Receipts (ADR) holdings of U.S. based emerging market funds
32 .A survey of government regulation and intervention in financial markets
33 .Financing small and medium-size enterprises with factoring: global growth and its potential in eastern Europe
34 .Business environment and firm entry : Evidence from international data
35 .Further evidence on the link between finance and growth : an international analysis of community banking and economic performance
36 .Portfolio preferences of foreign institutional investors
37 .The global growth of mutual funds
38 .Small and medium size enterprise financing in Eastern Europe
39 .Bankruptcy around the world - explanations of its relative use
40 .Corporate governance, investor protection, and performance in emerging markets
41 .The ability of banks to lend to informationally opaque small businesses
42 .The uniqueness of short-term collateralization
43 .Resolution of corporate distress - evidence from East Asia's financial crisis

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