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Land fragmentation, cropland abandonment, and land market operation in Albania, Volume 1
Author:Deininger, Klaus; Savastano, Sara; Carletto, Calogero; Country:Albania;
Date Stored:2012/04/09Document Date:2012/04/01
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Banks & Banking Reform; Rural Development Knowledge & Information Systems; Rural Land Policies for Poverty Reduction; Land Use and Policies; Municipal Housing and Land
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:Agriculture, Fishing and Forestry; Public Administration; Financial Sector
Rel. Proj ID:1W-Land Policies For Growth And Poverty Reduction: Moving Towards -- -- P095390;Region:Europe and Central Asia
Report Number:WPS6032Sub Sectors:Other Agriculture, Fishing and Forestry; Other Public Administration; Housing finance
Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 6032TF No/Name:TF091531-GENDER; TF091533-GENDER; TF092028-GENDER; TF092663-EVALUATING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SUSTAINABLE LAND MANAGEMENT INTERVENTIO; TF095610-Computerization; TF096734-Impact Evaluation of Land Tenure Regularization in Rwanda; TF097647-India Gendered impacts of NREGA; TF098469-New Approaches to securing land tenure in Sub-Saharan Africa; TF098730-BNPP-GENDER
Volume No:1  

Summary: Albania's radical farmland distribution is credited with averting an economic crisis and social unrest during the transition. But many believe it led to a holding structure too fragmented to be efficient, and that public efforts to consolidate plots are needed to lay the foundation for greater rural productivity. This paper uses farm-level data from the 2005 Albania Living Standards Measurement Survey to explore this quantitatively. The analysis finds no support for the argument that fragmentation reduces productivity. However, producers fail to utilize about 10 percent of the country's productive land, and, in the majority of cases, this land has been idle for at least five years. Farmers quote inefficiently-small plots as the reason for this in few cases, casting doubt on the scope for land consolidation to solve this issue. Instead, the data are consistent with the notion of land market imperfections, which can be traced to gaps in the legal and policy framework, as well as inefficiencies in registry operations, leading to land abandonment on a large scale. To maintain the productive potential of Albania's rural economy and, if and when needed, the ability to conduct consolidation in a cost-effective and sustainable manner, it will be critical to complement the emphasis on consolidation with an effort to address those gaps and inefficiencies on a priority basis.

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