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Can China's rural elderly count on support from adult children ? implications of rural-to-urban migration, Volume 1
Author:Giles, John; Wang, Dewen; Zhao, Changbao; Country:China;
Date Stored:2010/12/21Document Date:2010/12/01
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Rural Poverty Reduction; Population Policies; Services & Transfers to Poor; Regional Economic Development; Labor Policies
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:(Historic)Health and other social services
Rel. Proj ID:1W-Labor Markets And Social Protection -- -- P121130;Region:East Asia and Pacific
Report Number:WPS5510Sub Sectors:Other social services
Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5510TF No/Name:TF098279-Gender Dimensions of Social Insurance Coverage and the 2008 Labor Contr
Volume No:1  

Summary: This paper shows that support from the family continues to be an important source of support for the rural elderly, particularly the rural elderly over 70 years of age. Decline in likelihood of co-residence with, or in close proximity to, adult children raises the possibility that China's rural elderly will receive less support in the forms of both income and in-kind instrumental care. Although descriptive evidence on net financial transfers suggests that the elderly with migrant children will receive similar levels of financial transfers as those without migrant children, the predicted variance associated with these transfers implies a higher risk that elderly with migrant children may fall into poverty. Reducing the risk of low incomes among the elderly is one important motive for new rural pension initiatives supported by China's government, which are scheduled to be expanded to cover all rural counties by the end of the 12th Five Year Plan in 2016.

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