Click here for search results
Did higher inequality impede growth in rural China ?
 
Author:Benjamin, Dwayne; Brandt, Loren; Giles, John; Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5483
Country:China; Date Stored:2010/11/19
Document Date:2010/11/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Access to Finance; Rural Poverty Reduction; Inequality; Services & Transfers to Poor; Poverty Impact EvaluationLanguage:English
Major Sector:Health and other social servicesRel. Proj ID:1W-Labor Markets And Social Protection -- -- P121130;
Region:East Asia and PacificReport Number:WPS5483
Sub Sectors:Other social servicesTF No/Name:TF098279-Gender Dimensions of Social Insurance Coverage and the 2008 Labor Contr
Volume No:1 of 1  

Summary: This paper estimates the relationship between initial village inequality and subsequent household income growth for a large sample of households in rural China. Using a rich longitudinal survey spanning the years 1987-2002, and controlling for an array of household and village characteristics, the paper finds that households located in higher inequality villages experienced significantly lower income growth through the 1990s. However, local inequality’s predictive power and effects are significantly diminished by the end of the sample. The paper exploits several advantages of the household-level data to explore hypotheses that shed light on the channels by which inequality affects growth. Biases due to aggregation and heterogeneity of returns to own-resources, previously suggested as candidate explanations for the relationship, are both ruled out. Instead, the evidence points to unobserved village institutions at the time of economic reforms that were associated with household access to higher income activities as the source of the link between inequality and growth. The empirical analysis addresses a number of pertinent econometric issues including measurement error and attrition, but underscores others that are likely to be intractable for all investigations of the inequality-growth relationship.

Official Documents
Official, scanned versions of documents (may include signatures, etc.)
File TypeDescriptionFile Size (mb)
PDF 43 pagesOfficial version*3.01 (approx.)
TextText version**
How To Order

See documents related to this project
* The official version is derived from scanning the final, paper copy of the document and is the official,
archived version including all signatures, charts, etc.
** The text version is the OCR text of the final scanned version and is not an accurate representation of the final text.
It is provided solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.



Permanent URL for this page: http://go.worldbank.org/LCNUOEP6C0