Click here for search results
Infrastructure and economic growth in Egypt, Volume 1
Author:Loayza,Norman V.; Odawara,Rei; Country:Egypt, Arab Republic of;
Date Stored:2010/01/13Document Date:2010/01/01
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Non Bank Financial Institutions; Debt Markets; Transport Economics Policy & Planning; Public Sector Economics; Economic Theory & Research
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:Public Administration; Transportation; Water, Sanitation and Waste Management; Education
Rel. Proj ID:EG-Egypt - Programmatic Per -- -- P113136;Region:Middle East and North Africa
Report Number:WPS5177Sub Sectors:Other Education; Other Transportation; Other Water Supply, Sanitation and Waste Management; Other Public Administration
Collection Title:Policy Research working paperno. WPS 5177Public expenditure review (PER)Volume No:1

Summary: In the past half a century, Egypt has experienced remarkable progress in the provision of infrastructure in all areas, including transportation, telecommunication, power generation, and water and sanitation. Judging from an international perspective, Egypt has achieved an infrastructure status that closely corresponds to what could be expected given its national income level. The present infrastructure status is the result of decades of purposeful investment. In the past 15 years, however, a worrisome trend has emerged: Infrastructure investment has suffered a substantial decline, which may be at odds with the country’s goals of raising economic growth. Improving infrastructure in Egypt would require a combination of larger infrastructure expenditures and more efficient investment. The analysis provided in this paper suggests that an increase in infrastructure expenditures from 5 to 6 percent of gross domestic product would raise the annual per capita growth rate of gross domestic product by about 0.5 percentage points in a decade’s time and 1 percentage point by the third decade. If the increase in infrastructure investment did not imply a heavier government burden (for instance, by cutting down on inefficient expenditures), the corresponding increase in growth of per capita gross domestic product would be substantially larger, in fact twice as large by the end of the first decade. This highlights the importance of considering renewed infrastructure investment in the larger context of public sector reform.

Official Documents
Official, scanned versions of documents (may include signatures, etc.)
File TypeDescriptionFile Size (mb)
PDF 76 pagesOfficial version*0.97
TextText version**
How To Order
Light-Weight Documents
Lighter (less MB) documents which may or may not be the final, official version
File TypeDescriptionFile Size (mb)

See documents related to this project
* The official version is derived from scanning the final, paper copy of the document and is the official,
archived version including all signatures, charts, etc.
** The text version is the OCR text of the final scanned version and is not an accurate representation of the final text.
It is provided solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.

Permanent URL for this page:

© 2016 The World Bank Group, All Rights Reserved. Legal