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The short-term impacts of a schooling conditional cash transfer program on the sexual behavior of young women, Volume 1
Author:Baird, Sarah; Chirwa, Ephraim; McIntosh, Craig; Ozler, Berk; Country:Malawi;
Date Stored:2009/10/22Document Date:2009/10/01
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Population Policies; Adolescent Health; Education For All; Primary Education; Disease Control & Prevention
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:Education; (Historic)Health and other social services
Rel. Proj ID:MW-Ccts, Schooling, And Hiv/Aids Risk -- -- P109215;Region:Africa
Report Number:WPS5089Sub Sectors:Other Education; Health
Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5089Impact Evaluation series ; no. IE 40Paper is funded by the Knowledge for Change Program (KCP)TF No/Name:TF055926-KCP - WDR 2007 DEVELOPMENT AND THE NEXT GENERATION; TF090932-IMPROVING WOMENS HEALTH IN AFRICA; TF092029-GENDER
Volume No:1  

Summary: Recent evidence suggests that conditional cash transfer programs for schooling are effective in raising school enrollment and attendance. However, there is also reason to believe that such programs can affect other outcomes, such as the sexual behavior of their young beneficiaries. Zomba Cash Transfer Program is a randomized, ongoing conditional cash transfer intervention targeting young women in Malawi that provides incentives (in the form of school fees and cash transfers) to current schoolgirls and recent dropouts to stay in or return to school. An average offer of US$10/month conditional on satisfactory school attendance – plus direct payment of secondary school fees – led to significant declines in early marriage, teenage pregnancy, and self-reported sexual activity among program beneficiaries after just one year of program implementation. For program beneficiaries who were out of school at baseline, the probability of getting married and becoming pregnant declined by more than 40 percent and 30 percent, respectively. In addition, the incidence of the onset of sexual activity was 38 percent lower among all program beneficiaries than the control group. Overall, these results suggest that conditional cash transfer programs not only serve as useful tools for improving school attendance, but may also reduce sexual activity, teen pregnancy, and early marriage.

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