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Aid and trust in country systems, Volume 1
 
Author:Knack, Stephen; Eubank, Nicholas; Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5005
Country:World; Date Stored:2009/07/20
Document Date:2009/07/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
SubTopics:Economic Theory & Research; Gender and Health; Microfinance; Disability; Development Economics & Aid EffectivenessLanguage:English
Major Sector:Health and other social servicesRel. Proj ID:1W-Aid And The Mdgs -- -- P096746;
Region:The World RegionReport Number:WPS5005
Sub Sectors:Other social servicesTF No/Name:TF057010-KCP
Volume No:1  

Summary: The 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness sets targets for increased use by donors of recipient country systems for managing aid. A consensus view holds that country systems are strengthened when donors trust recipients to manage aid funds, but undermined when donors manage aid through their own separate parallel systems. This paper provides an analytical framework for understanding donors’ decisions to trust in country systems or instead to micro-manage aid using their own systems and procedures. Where country systems are sufficiently weak, the development impact of aid is reduced by donors’ reliance on them. Trust in country systems will be sub-optimal, however, if donors have multiple objectives in aid provision rather than a sole objective of maximizing development outcomes. Empirical tests are conducted using data from an OECD survey designed to monitor progress toward Paris Declaration goals. Trust in country systems is measured in three ways: use of the recipient’s public financial management systems, use of direct budget support, and use of program-based approaches. The authors show using fixed effects regression that a donor’s trust in recipient country systems is positively related to (1) trustworthiness or quality of those systems, (2) tolerance for risk on the part of the donor’s constituents, as measured by public support for providing aid, and (3) the donor’s ability to internalize more of the benefits of investing in country systems, as measured by the donor’s share of all aid provided to a recipient.

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