Click here for search results
Scarperation : an empirical inquiry into the role of scarcity in fostering cooperation between international river riparians, Volume 1
Author:Dinar, Shlomi; Dinar, Ariel; Kurukulasuriya, Pradeep; Country:World;
Date Stored:2007/07/31Document Date:2007/07/01
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Water Supply and Sanitation Governance and Institutions; Water and Industry; Water Conservation; Environmental Economics & Policies; Town Water Supply and Sanitation
Language:EnglishRegion:The World Region
Report Number:WPS4294Collection Title:Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 4294
Volume No:1  

Summary: The environment and security literature has argued that freshwater scarcity often leads to inter-state conflict, and possibly acute violence. The contention, however, ignores the long history of hydro-political cooperation exemplified by hundreds of documented agreements. Building on a theory that considers the relationship between scarcity and hydro-political cooperation, this paper empirically investigates why treaties are negotiated for some rivers and between some riparians, and not others. The paper suggests that long-term water scarcity has a significant influence on levels of cooperation. Additional variables considered include trade, level of governance among the riparian states, and the geography of the river. Findings confirm that cooperation and scarcity embody a concave (inverted U curve) relationship. Governance has a positive impact on cooperation. In addition, riparians may either arrange the use of their scarce water resources via a treaty or trade (and indirectly exchange [virtual] water). Scarcity, governance, and trade were found to be most salient in explaining levels of cooperation while geography is significant in some of the estimates.

Official Documents
Official, scanned versions of documents (may include signatures, etc.)
File TypeDescriptionFile Size (mb)
PDF 48 pagesOfficial version*0.87
TextText version**
How To Order

* The official version is derived from scanning the final, paper copy of the document and is the official,
archived version including all signatures, charts, etc.
** The text version is the OCR text of the final scanned version and is not an accurate representation of the final text.
It is provided solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.

Permanent URL for this page:

© 2016 The World Bank Group, All Rights Reserved. Legal