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The EU factor in the trade policies of Central European countries, Volume 1
Author:Kaminski, Bartlomiej; Country:Europe and Central Asia;
Date Stored:2001/04/25Document Date:1999/11/30
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Economic Theory & Research; Rules of Origin; Trade Policy; Free Trade; Environmental Economics & Policies; Payment Systems & Infrastructure; Trade and Regional Integration
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:(Historic)Economic Policy
Region:Europe and Central AsiaReport Number:WPS2239
Sub Sectors:TradeCollection Title:Policy, Research working paper ; no. WPS 2239
Volume No:1  

Summary: The author examines the development of foreign trade institutions and policies in Central European countries invited to negotiate their accession to the European Union. With the dismantling of state trading, conditions of market access have been dramatically liberalized. However, except for Estonia and, to a lesser extent, the Czech Republic, most Central European countries have followed a policy of bilateral rather than multilateral trade liberalization. The fall in tariff rates on preferential imports has prompted a search for non-tariff barriers, but these countries' trade regimes have remained open - which is surprising, considering the strong protectionist sentiments in economic administration. Regional disciplines (the EU factor), combined with the legacy of low tariffs under GATT commitments, appear to have been responsible for this openness. Foreign trade policy has been shaped by tensions between domestic protectionist impulses and pressures from the European Union (and other World Trade organization members) to improve conditions of market access.

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