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Pesticide poisoning of farm workers : implications of blood test results from Vietnam
 
Author:Dasgupta, Susmita; Meisner, Craig; Wheeler, David; Nhan Thi Lam; Khuc Xuyen; Collection Title:Policy, Research working paper ; no. WPS 3624
Country:Vietnam; Date Stored:2005/06/06
Document Date:2005/06/01Document Type:Policy Research Working Paper
Language:EnglishRegion:East Asia and Pacific
Report Number:WPS3624SubTopics:Pest Management; Crops and Crop Management Systems; Agricultural Research; Health Monitoring & Evaluation; Sustainable Land and Crop Management
Volume No:1 of 1Related Dataset:Vietnam Health Effects of Pesticide Use;

Summary: In this paper, the authors have assessed the incidence and determinants of pesticide poisoning among rice farmers in Vietnam's Mekong Delta. Blood cholinesterase tests suggest that the incidence of poisoning from exposure to organophosphates and carbamates is quite high in Vietnam. Using the medical test results as benchmarks, the authors find that farmers' self-reported symptoms have very weak associations with actual poisoning. Regression analysis of blood tests reveals a lower incidence of poisoning for farmers who avoid the most toxic pesticides and use protective items. The authors also find very large provincial differences in poisoning incidence after they control for individual factors. The results highlight the potential importance of negative externalities, and suggest that future research on pesticide-related damage should include information on local water, air, and soil contamination.

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