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Trademark protection or protectionism?, Volume 1
 
Author:Baroncelli, Eugenia; Krivonos, Ekaterina; Olarreaga, Marcelo; Country:World;
Date Stored:2004/06/02Document Date:2004/02/01
Document Type:Policy Research Working PaperSubTopics:Environmental Economics & Policies; Markets and Market Access; Economic Theory & Research; Health Monitoring & Evaluation; Public Health Promotion; Access to Markets
Language:EnglishRegion:The World Region
Report Number:WPS3214Collection Title:Policy, Research working paper ; no. WPS 3214
Volume No:1  

Summary: This paper explores the extent to which discrimination against foreign applicants in the trademark registration process can be used as a "behind-the-border" barrier to imports. Prima-facie evidence shows that in some developing countries the ratio of trademark registration to applications is much higher for national than for foreign applicants, which is consistent with the notion of discrimination against foreign firms. The authors develop a simple model that suggests that incentives to discriminate are stronger when foreign firms produce products that are close in quality to the product produced by domestic firms. This hypothesis is then tested and empirically confirmed in three of the four countries in their sample, suggesting that discretion and discrimination in the trademark registration process can sometimes be used as a protectionist tool.

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