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Did domestic policies marginalize Africa in international trade?, Volume 1
 
Author:Yeats, Alexander J.; Amjadi, Azita; Reincke, Ulrich; Francis Ng; Collection Title:Directions in Development
Country:Africa; Date Stored:2001/04/21
Document Date:1997/01/31Document Type:Publication
SubTopics:Environmental Economics & Policies; Export Competitiveness; Economic Theory & Research; Free Trade; Trade PolicyISBN:ISBN 0-8213-3669-X
Language:EnglishMajor Sector:(Historic)Economic Policy
Region:AfricaReport Number:16313
Sub Sectors:TradeVolume No:1

Summary: This books analyzes and evaluates evidence concerning the influence of external protectionism and Africa's domestic policies on the region's trade performance. Sub-Saharan Africa's share of trade has fallen dramatically over the past 30 or 40 years and exports are now more concentrated in fewer products. The report then looks at Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) tariff barriers. It delves into the question of regionalism and African exports and decides that Africa's disappointing trade performance cannot be attributed to OECD tariffs. It then looks at OECD non-tariff barriers both before and after the Uruguay Road, particularly in the areas of agriculture, textiles and clothing. Each section concludes with potential OECD policy actions. Transport costs, particularly freight rates, and cargo reservations are examined. The report concludes that as the spread between Africa's high trade barriers and the rest of the world widens, the disparity will further worse Africa's ability to compete in international markets. Non tariff protection has even more negative implications.

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