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Advisory Panel

World Development Report 2013: Jobs

George AkerlofGeorge Akerlof

Akerlof has drawn from sociology to enrich the description of how exchange takes place in markets, including the labor market. Together with Yanet Yellen he developed the “efficiency wage” theory of unemployment, building on fairness considerations. His “lemons” theory, which shows how markets might break down in the presence of asymmetric information, grew out of a stay in India, where he noticed people’s difficulty obtaining credit. More recently, Akerlof has worked with Rachel Kranton on “identity economics”, how belonging to a group shapes individual behavior.

Akerlof received his Bachelor’s degree from Yale and his Ph.D. in economics from MIT. He is a Professor at Berkeley’s Department of Economics, was a member of the Council of Economic Advisors and is associated with the Brookings Institution. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Economics in 2001. Aryeetey

Aryeetey’s research focuses on the role of institutions in economic development. He has written extensively on economic reforms, regional integration, small enterprise development and informal finance and microfinance in Africa. Aryeetey has also been instrumental in building local analytical capacity. He was the President of the Ghana Institute of Planners and the Director of the Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research (ISSER) of the University of Ghana, where he is currently the Vice-Chancellor.

Aryeetey studied Economics with Statistics at the University of Ghana, took a Masters degree in Regional Planning at Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, and became a Doktor-Ingenieur at the University of Dortmund, Germany in 1985. He served as Director of the Africa Growth Initiative at the Brookings Institution. He has been associated with the African Economic Research Consortium (AERC), Nairobi, since 1988.

Ragui AssaadRagui Assaad

Assaad researches labor policy, the informal economy, community and economic development and urban planning. His current projects focus on the effects of economic reform on the Egyptian labor market and female labor supply in Egypt. His research on the attempt by Cairo's amounted to a confrontation between the formal legal system and an informal but well-defined set of internal rules, rights, and sanctioning mechanisms.

Assaad received a M.Sc. in Mechanical Engineering and B.Sc. in Physics from Stanford University. He obtained his Ph.D. in City and Regional Planning from Cornell University. Assaad is a professor of planning and public affairs at the Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota. During 2011-12 Assaad is a Senior Visiting Scholar with the Economic Research Forum, Cairo, where he leads the Labor and Human Resource Development theme and directs the Labor Market Panel Survey.

Ela BhattEla Bhatt

Bhatt is a pioneer in grassroots development. She has dedicated her life to improving the condition of India’s poorest and most oppressed women workers, with Gandhian thinking as her source of guidance. In 1972, Bhatt founded the Self-Employed Women’s Association (SEWA), a trade union which has more than 1,300,000 members. SEWA encourages self-reliance and provides a voice to workers in the unorganized sector of the economy.

Bhatt received her B.A. from the M.T.B. College in Surat and a law degree from the Sir L. A. Shah Law College in Ahmedabad. She was a Member of the Indian Parliament from 1986 to 1989 and later a Member of the Indian Planning Commission. She founded and served as chair for the International Alliance of Home-based Workers and for Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing, Organizing (WIEGO). Bhatt has received numerous awards, including the Niwano Peace Prize in 2010 and the Radcliffe Medal in 2011..

Cai FangCai Fang

Fang’s research focuses on agricultural economics, labor economics economic growth and income distribution. His recent work has dealt on the consequences of rural-urban migration and the implications of the “Lewisian turning point” represented by the gradual depletion of surplus labor in rural areas. His insights have influenced China’s 12th Five-Year Plan and the emerging labor market policies associated with a tighter labor market.

Fang graduated from Renmin University and earned a Doctorate in Economics from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. He is currently the Director of the Institute of Population and Labor Economics (IPLE). Fang is a Member of the Standing Committee and the Committee of Agriculture and Rural Areas of the 11th National People’s Congress (NPC), the Vice President of the China Population Association and a member of the Advisory Committee of the National Plan of China.

John HaltiwangerJohn Haltiwanger

Haltiwanger is a leading figure in the empirical analysis of firm dynamics. Relying on longitudinal plant-level data, he has developed new statistical measures of job creation, job destruction and firm performance. He has explored the implications of these firm dynamics for aggregate productivity growth and for trends in the labor market. Haltiwanger has applied these empirical tools to a substantial number of advanced, emerging and transition economies.

Haltiwanger received his Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University. After serving on the faculty of UCLA and Johns Hopkins, he is now a
Professor in the Department of Economics at the University of Maryland. He served as Chief Economist of the U.S. Census Bureau and is a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER).

Ravi KanburRavi Kanbur

Kanbur's main areas of interest are public economics and development economics. His work spans conceptual, empirical, and policy analysis. He has been in a leading figure of the “Q-squared” approach, combining quantitative and qualitative methods for poverty analysis. His publications cover topics such as risk taking, inequality, poverty, debt, agriculture, and political economy.

Kanbur holds a bachelor's degree from Cambridge University and a doctorate in economics from Oxford University. He is a Professor of Economics at Cornell University. He also served in the World Bank, where he was Chief Economist of the African Region and a Director of the World Development Report 2000, on Poverty. Kanbur received the Quality of Research Discovery Award of the American Agricultural Economics Association..

Gordana MatkoviGordana Matkovic

Matković’s professional interest covers social insurance and social policy, demography, labor economics and human development. The focus of her research has been on the increase of poverty and the social exclusion caused by conflict in the Western Balkans. She served as Minister of Social Affairs in the first democratically elected Government of Serbia.

Matković is the Director of the Social Policy Studies Department in the Center for Liberal-Democratic Studies, Belgrade, and a Visiting Professor at the School of Economics, Belgrade University. In 2004 she received the "Konstantnin Obradovic" award in the area of human rights promotion and in 2005 she won the annual Women in Business and Government award given by the Erste Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

Ricardo Paes de BarrosRicardo Paes de Barros

Paes de Barros has centered his work on the analysis of labor markets and the inequality of outcomes and opportunities in Latin America. His career as a researcher has been mainly conducted from the Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA), an independent think tank. His work has influenced the social policies of Brazil, where he currently serves as Secretary of Strategic Actions under the Presidency of the Republic.

Paes de Barros graduated from the Technological Institute of Aeronautics (ITA), has a Master degree from the Institute of Pure and Applied Mathematics and received his PhD from Chicago University. A visiting professor at Yale University, he received the Mario Henrique Simonsen award in 2000 and in 2005 was admitted to the National Order of Scientific Merit in the category of Commander..

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