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People who are unemployed, or do not have motivating jobs, participate less in society

Trust beyond one’s own group and civic engagement are two indicators of social cohesion. Unemployment and job loss are associated with lower levels of both trust and civic engagement. While causality is difficult to establish, there is more than just a correlation at stake. Indonesian men and women who were working in 2000 but not in 2007 were less likely to be participating in community activities than those still at work. And those who were working in 2007 but not in 2000 were significantly more likely to be involved in the community than those who were still out of work.

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