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Books published by Trade Research Team in 2005-2006

thumbnail for Books pageGlobal Integration & Technology Transfer
Edited by by B.M. Hoekman & B. Smarzynska Javorcik, 2006
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The importance of international technology diffusion (ITD) for economic development can hardly be overstated. Both the acquisition of technology and its diffusion foster productivity growth. Developing countries have long sought to use both national policies and international agreements to stimulate ITD. The "correct" policy intervention, if any, depends critically upon the channels through which technology diffuses internationally and the quantitative effects of the various diffusion processes on efficiency and productivity growth. Neither is well understood.

New technologies may be embodied in goods and transferred through imports of new varieties of differentiated products or capital goods and equipment, they may be obtained through exposure to foreign buyers or foreign investors or they may be acquired through arms-length trade in intellectual property, e.g., licensing contracts. More information>>

small book coverInternational Migration, Remittances, and the Brain Drain
Edited by Caglar Ozden and Maurice Schiff, 2006
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Knowledge of the economic effects of migration, especially its impact on economic development, is rather limited. In order to expand knowledge on migration, and identify policies and reforms that would lead to superior development outcomes, this volume presents the results of a first set of studies carried out on the subject. Current demographic trends in both developed and developing countries are pointing toward significant, potential economic gains from migration. The labor forces in many developed countries are expected to peak around 2010, and decline by around 5 percent in the following two decades, accompanied by a rapid increase in dependency ratios. Conversely, the labor forces in many developing countries are expanding rapidly, resulting in declines in dependency ratios. This imbalance is likely to create strong demand for workers in developed countries' labor markets, especially for numerous service sectors that can only be supplied locally. There are large north-south wage gaps, however, especially for unskilled and semiskilled labor. More information >> 

Poverty & the WTO: Impacts of the Doha Development Agenda
Edited by Thomas W. Hertel and L. Alan Winters, December 2005
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Poverty reduction is deemed to be a centerpiece of the Doha Development Agenda currently being negotiated under the auspices of the WTO. Yet there is considerable debate about the poverty impacts of such an agreement. Some are convinced it will increase poverty, while others are equally convinced that it will lead to poverty reduction. This book brings the best scientific methods to bear on this question, taking into account the specific characteristics embodied in the Doha Development Agenda. More >>

book cover for Hoekman & Evenett's bookEconomic Development and Multilateral Trade Cooperation 
by Bernard M. Hoekman and Simon J. Evenett, December 2005
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How can international trade agreements promote development and how can rules be designed to benefit poor countries? Can multilateral trade cooperation in the World Trade Organization (WTO) help developing countries create and strengthen institutions and regulatory regimes that will enhance the gains from trade and integration into the global economy? And should this even be done? These are questions that confront policy makers and citizens in both rich and poor countries, and they are the subject of Economic Development and Multilateral Trade Cooperation. This book analyzes how the trading system could be made more supportive of economic development, without eroding the core WTO functions. More >>

Safeguards & Antidumping in Latin American Trade Liberalization: Fighting Fire with Fire
Safeguards & Antidumping book coverby J. Michael Finger and Julio J. Nogues, December 2005
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Until the 1990s, the main users of safeguards and antidumping laws were Australia, Canada, the European Union, and the United States. Since then, many countries have implemented such laws, leading to a proliferation in antidumping and safeguard activity across the world. This timely book documents the political economy surrounding the implementation of these laws in seven Latin American countries and provides details on the institutions created, implementation of the laws, and subsequent activity. It finds that, in the larger political context, antidumping and safeguards are a necessary quid pro quo to certain important sectors to obtain much more liberalized trade policies for the general economy. More >>

Agricultural Trade Reform and the Doha Development Agenda
Agricultural Trade Reform and the Doha Development Agendaby Will Martin and Kym Anderson, November 2005
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Abolition of tariffs, subsidies and domestic support programs would boost global welfare by nearly $300 billion per year by 2015, says a new World Bank research study, Agricultural Trade Reform and the Doha Development Agenda, published November 2005. Close to two-thirds of these gains would come from agricultural trade reform, because agriculture is so much more distorted than other sectors.

"Within agriculture, market access barriers are the key. Deep reductions in agricultural tariffs would deliver 12 times the gains that would be achieved by abolishing export subsidies and trade-distorting domestic support to agriculture," said Will Martin, lead economist in the Bank’s trade research group. "Making agricultural markets more accessible is the most fundamental reform that needs to emerge from the Doha round of WTO negotiations." More >>

Trade, Doha, and Development: A Window into the Issues
Trade, Doha & Development book coverby Richard Newfarmer, November 2005 
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In today’s economically integrated world, trade matters more for development than ever before. This book addresses the key trade issues relevant to the ongoing multilateral trade negotiations and the evolution of the world trading system. Topics include: a general overview of the Doha Round, potential gains from trade liberalization for developed and developing countries, agriculture, manufacturing trade, services, trade facilitation, TRIPs and the regulatory agenda, regional trade agreements, aid for trade and much more. This is an essential and accessible primer for policymakers, development practitioners, academics, and journalists. More >>

Turkey: Economic Reform and Accession to the European Union
cover for Bernard's book on Turkeyby Bernard M. Hoekman and Subidey Togan, June 2005
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What requirements must Turkey - the largest country among the candidate and accession countries - meet to join the European Union? What progress has been made toward meeting them? 
This timely volume analyzes the economic challenges confronting Turkey in its quest to accede to the European Union (EU). It focuses on the extent to which Turkey is ready to join the Single Market, comply with the EU’s body of economic regulations and directives, the Acquis Communautaire, and meet the Maastricht criteria for fiscal, monetary, and exchange rate policies.

This book also provides an assessment of Turkey’s national program to meet the accession requirements. It describes briefly what Turkey needs to achieve on the economic policy front to satisfy the conditions for accession, the progress to date, and the likely consequences of implementing the full body of EU requirements.

Intellectual Property and Development: Lessons from Recent Economic Research
Intellectual Property and Development book coverby Carsten Fink and Keith Maskus, January 2005
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International policies toward protection of intellectual property rights (IPRs) have seen profound changes of the past two decades.  Emerging trends and technologies-such as bio-informatics (mapping of the human genome), biotechnology (creation of designer plants), and the widespread availability of digital content and media via the Internet-have raised new questions about intellectual property law. How will developing countries fare in this globalized and challenging intellectual property environment?

In the mid-1990s, the World Trade Organization developed the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), which sets out minimum standards of IPR protection.  The World Bank has held keen interest in better understanding how well-designed intellectual property policies can help foster development and reduce poverty.  This volume brings together studies conducted by World Bank or Bank-affiliated economic researchers who seek to better understand the economic underpinnings of the different degrees and forms of IPR protection. More >>

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