International migration has become a central element of international relations and global integration process due to its rapidly increasing economic, social and cultural impact in both the source and destination countries. The purpose of this new book is to expand earlier work on migration and development both in terms of geography, methodology, and the issues examined.
This second research volume adds to the first volume (International Migration, Remittances, and the Brain Drain, 2005) by expanding the number of countries covered, and by providing thinking on new topics such as the gender-differentiated impact of migration and remittances; the impact of migration on fertility rates in the country of origin; and temporary/return migration.
Nine additional studies cover countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, Middle East and North Africa, North America, South Asia and the Pacific, as well as Western Europe.
Part I consists of four chapters, three of which examine the impact of migration and remittances on development indicators in Pakistan and twelve Latin American and Caribbean countries, while one examines an entirely new topic - the impact of international migration on birth rates and the extent of the demographic transition in the migrants’ countries of origin, with focus on Egypt, Morocco and Turkey.
Part II consists of two chapters dealing with host country policies and their impact on migrants (New Zealand and Switzerland).
In Part III, one chapter examines the determinants of return and repeat migration in Norway, and the second looks at the degree of success and the occupational choice of return migrants relative to non-migrants with similar profiles in Egypt.