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The Second Conference on International Migration and Development

Summary: The conference brought together some of the world’s top academics and researchers in the migration field. Speakers presented their recent research findings on the most important questions in the debate on migration, remittances and development. Some of the questions that presenters addressed were:

  • What effect do remittances have on poverty, inequality and economic development?
  • Who migrates overseas and is it worth their while?
  • How do remittances impact investment and consumption?
  • What factors that drive the cost of remittances?
  • Can migration reduce educational attainment?
  • Do migrants improve governments at home?
  • What are the links between brain drain, fiscal competition, and public education expenditure?


Thursday, September 10  

08:30 - 09:00 

Opening Remarks

Justin Yifu Lin - Senior Vice President and Chief Economist, World Bank
Robert Peccoud - Director of Research, Agence Française de Développement

09:00 - 10:00

Keynote Lecture 1: The Analytics of the Wage Effect of Immigration
PresenterGeorge Borjas, Professor of Economics, Harvard University

10:30 - 12:30Session 1A: Perspectives from Receiving Countries

Chair: Frederic Docquier
Session 1B: Migration, Poverty and Development

Chair: Michel Beine

  Sessions 1A and 1B run in parallel    

10:30 - 11:00

The Skill Composition of Migration and the Generosity of the Welfare State

Presenter: Assaf Razin, Cornell University, Tel Aviv University

Co-Authors: Alon Cohen and Efraim Sadka

Selectivity and the Estimated Impact of Emigration on Incomes and Poverty in Sending Areas: Evidence from the Samoan Quota Migration Lottery

Presenter: Steven Stillman, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research,

Co-Authors: David Mckenzie and John Gibson

11:00 - 11:30

Brain Drain, Fiscal Competition and Public Education Expenditure

PresenterVolker Grossmann, University of Fribourg

Co-Authors: Hartmut Egger and Josef Falkinger

Do Remittances Affect Poverty and Inequality? Evidence from Mali

Presenter: Sandrine Mesplé Somps, Développement, Institutions & Analyses de Long terme

Co-Authors: Flore Gubert and Thomas Lassourd

11:30 - 12:00 

The Foreign-born Population in the European Union and its Contribution to National Tax and Benefit Systems

Presenter: Luca Barbone, World Bank

Co-Authors: Misha Bontch-Osmolovsky and Salman Zaidi 

Do Remittances Boost Economic Development? Evidence from Mexican States

Presenter: Pia Orrenius, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas

Co-Authors: Jesús Cañas Roberto Coronado, Madeline Zavodny and Roberto Coronado

12:00 - 12:30


12:30 - 14:00

Lunch Presentation: The Evolution of Global Bilateral Migration 1955-2004
Presenter: Chris Parsons, World Bank

14:00 - 16:00Session 2A: Remittances

Chair: Hillel Rapoport
Session 2B: Migration & Globalization

 Jaime De Melo

Sessions 2A and 2B run in parallel 

14:00 - 14:30

Remittances and the Problem of Control: A Field Experiment Among Migrants from El Salvador

Presenter: Dean Yang, University  of Michigan

Co-Authors: Nava Ashraf and
Diego Aycinena Claudia Martinez

The Globalization of Household Production

Presenter: Michael Kremer, Harvard University

Co-Author: Stanley Watt

14:30 - 15:00

Migration and Determinants of Remittances to Southern Mediterranean Countries: When History Matters

Presenter: Mouhoub El Mouhoud, Université de Paris Dauphine

Co-Authors: Luis Miotti and Joel Oudinet

What Explains the Cost of Remittances? An Examination Across 107 Country Corridors

Presenter: Maria S. Martinez Peria, World Bank

Co-Author: Thorsten Beck

15:00 - 15:30

Income Volatility and Labor Supply in Mexico

Presenter: Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes, San Diego State University

Co-Author: Suzan Pozo

Exchange Rates and Wages in an Integrated World

Presenter: Antonio Spilimbergo, IMF

Co-Author: Prachi Mishra

15:30 - 16:00


16:30 - 18:30 Session 3A: Migration and Institutions

Chair: Antonio Spilmibergo
Session 3B: Illegal Migration 

Chair: Caglar Ozden

Sessions 3A and 3B run in parallel 

16:30 - 17:00

Migration and Institutions

Presenter: John McHale, National University of Ireland

Co-Authors: Galway & Xiaoyang Li

Clandestine Migrants: Do the High-Skilled Return Home First?

Presenter: Nicola Coniglio, University of Bari

Co-Authors: G. De Arcangelis and  L. Serlenga

17:00 - 17:30

Brain Drain and Home Country Institutions

Presenter: Elisabetta Lodigiani, University of Luxembourg

Co-Authors: Frederic Docquier, Hillel Rapoport and Maurice Schiff

Remittance Behaviour of Undocumented Migrants

Presenter: Francesco Fasani 

Co-Authors: Christian Dustman and Biagio Speciale

17:30 - 18:00

Do Migrants Improve Governance at Home? Evidence from a Voting Experiment

Presenter: Catia Batista, Trinity College Dublin

Co-Authors: Pedro Vicente

Collective Remittances in Mexico: Their Effect on the Labor Market for Males

Presenter: Karina Cordova, University of Arizona

18:00 - 18:30



Friday, September 11

08:30 - 10:30 

Session 4A: Migration and Human Capital Formation

Chair: Dean Yang

Session 4B: Macro Effects of Migration & Remittances

Chair: Dilip Ratha

Sessions 4A and 4B run in parallel 

8:30 - 9:00

Remittances and the Brain Drain Revisited: The Microdata Show that More Educated Migrants Remit More

PresenterDavid McKenzie, World Bank

Co-Authors: Albert Bollard, Melanie Morten and Hillel Rapoport

Remittances: An Automatic Output Stabilizer?

Presenter: Dalia Hakura, IMF

Co-Authors: Ralph Chami, Peter Montiel

09:00 - 9:30 

Career Placement of Skilled Migrants in the U.S. Labor Market: A Dynamic Approach

Presenter: Ileana Cristina Neagu, World Bank

Remittances, Consumption and Investment in Ghana

Presenter: Richard Adams, World Bank

Co-Authors: Alberto Cuecuecha and John Page

9:30 - 10:00

Skilled Emigration and Skill Creation: a Quasi-Experiment

Presenter: Michael Clemens, Center for Global Development

Co-Author: Satish Chand

Measuring the Impact of the Movement of Labor Using a Model of Bilateral Migration Flows

Presenter: S. Amer Ahmed, World Bank

Co-Authors: L. Alan Winters and Terrie Welmsely

10:00 - 10:30


11:00 - 12:00

Keynote Lecture 2: Economic Crises and Migration, Learning from History and the Present
Presenter Alan L. Winters, Chief Economist Department of International Development (DFID),  London; Professor of Economics, University of Sussex
Chair: Maurice Schiff, World Bank

12:00 - 13:00Poster Session (see details below)
14:30 - 16:30

Session 5A: Self-Selection and Migration Networks 

Chair: David McKenzie

Session 5B: Diaspora Networks and Externalities 

Chair: Maurice Schiff

Sessions 5A and 5B run in parallel

14:30 - 15:00

The Determinants of International Migration: Accounting for Self-selection

Presenter: Jesús Fernández Huertas-Moraga, Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica,

Co-Authors: Francesco Ortega and Simone Bertoli

Chinese Graduate Students and US Scientic Productivity: Evidence from Chemistry
Presenter: Mario Piacentini, University of Geneva
Co-Author: Patrick Gaulé
15:00 - 15:30

Who Migrates Overseas and is it Worth Their While? Assessment of Household Surveys from Bangladesh

Presenter: Hassan Zaman, World Bank

Co-Author: Manahore Sharma

Immigrant-Based Networks and the U.S. Bilateral Trade: Role of Immigrant Occupation

Presenter: Kusum Mundra, Rutgers University

15:30 - 16:00

Geographic Versus Cutural Networks in Migration and Employment Decisions

Presenter: Caglar Ozden, World Bank

Diasporas and Development

Presenter: Una Okonkwo Osili, Indiana University, Purdue University Indianapolis

16:00 - 16:30


17:00 - 18:30

Roundtable / Policy Panel


  • Alan L.Winters, DFID
  • Susan Martin, Georgetown University
  • Luca Barbone, World Bank
  • Jaime de Melo, University of Geneva

Chair: Caglar Ozden, World Bank

Poster Session:

  • Can Health Foreign Assitance Break the Medical Brain Drain?
    Presenter: Yasser Moullan, University of Paris 1 Sorbonne   Paper | Presentation

  • Who Leaves, Who Moves In? The Impact of Positive and Negative Income Shocks on Migration in Senegal
    Presenter: Abla Safir, OECD  Paper | Presentation 

  • Remittances as Insurance for Household and Community Shocks in an Agricultural Economy: The Case of Rural Malawi
    Presenter: Simon Davies, Ministry of Finance, South Africa   Paper | Presentation 

  • Remittances, Poverty, Inequality and Welfare: Evidence from the Central Plateau of Burkina Faso
    Presenter: Fleur Wouterse, IFPRI, Senegal  Paper | Presentation  

  • Brain Drain in Globalization A General Equilibrium Analysis from the Sending Countries’ Perspective
    Presenter: I-ling Shen,
    University of Geneva, Co-Author: Frederique Docquier   Paper 
For Information: Anna Regina Rillo Bonfield

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