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Books published in 2005

Poverty & the WTO book cover for the Books pagePoverty & the WTO: Impacts of the Doha Development Agenda
Edited by Thomas W. Hertel and L. Alan Winters, December 2005
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Poverty reduction is deemed to be a centerpiece of the Doha Development Agenda currently being negotiated under the auspices of the WTO. Yet there is considerable debate about the poverty impacts of such an agreement. Some are convinced it will increase poverty, while others are equally convinced that it will lead to poverty reduction. This book brings the best scientific methods to bear on this question, taking into account the specific characteristics embodied in the Doha Development Agenda. More >>



book cover for Hoekman & Evenett's bookEconomic Development and Multilateral Trade Cooperation 
by Bernard M. Hoekman and Simon J. Evenett, December 2005
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How can international trade agreements promote development and how can rules be designed to benefit poor countries? Can multilateral trade cooperation in the World Trade Organization (WTO) help developing countries create and strengthen institutions and regulatory regimes that will enhance the gains from trade and integration into the global economy? And should this even be done? These are questions that confront policy makers and citizens in both rich and poor countries, and they are the subject of Economic Development and Multilateral Trade Cooperation. This book analyzes how the trading system could be made more supportive of economic development, without eroding the core WTO functions. More >>



Safeguards & Antidumping in Latin American Trade Liberalization: Fighting Fire with Fire
Safeguards & Antidumping book coverby J. Michael Finger and Julio J. Nogues, December 2005
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Until the 1990s, the main users of safeguards and antidumping laws were Australia, Canada, the European Union, and the United States. Since then, many countries have implemented such laws, leading to a proliferation in antidumping and safeguard activity across the world. This timely book documents the political economy surrounding the implementation of these laws in seven Latin American countries and provides details on the institutions created, implementation of the laws, and subsequent activity. It finds that, in the larger political context, antidumping and safeguards are a necessary quid pro quo to certain important sectors to obtain much more liberalized trade policies for the general economy. More >>


Agricultural Trade Reform and the Doha Development Agenda
Agricultural Trade Reform and the Doha Development Agendaby Will Martin and Kym Anderson, November 2005
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Abolition of tariffs, subsidies and domestic support programs would boost global welfare by nearly $300 billion per year by 2015, says a new World Bank research study, Agricultural Trade Reform and the Doha Development Agenda, published November 2005. Close to two-thirds of these gains would come from agricultural trade reform, because agriculture is so much more distorted than other sectors.

"Within agriculture, market access barriers are the key. Deep reductions in agricultural tariffs would deliver 12 times the gains that would be achieved by abolishing export subsidies and trade-distorting domestic support to agriculture," said Will Martin, lead economist in the Bank’s trade research group. "Making agricultural markets more accessible is the most fundamental reform that needs to emerge from the Doha round of WTO negotiations." More >>



Trade, Doha, and Development: A Window into the Issues
Trade, Doha & Development book coverby Richard Newfarmer, November 2005 
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In today’s economically integrated world, trade matters more for development than ever before. This book addresses the key trade issues relevant to the ongoing multilateral trade negotiations and the evolution of the world trading system. Topics include: a general overview of the Doha Round, potential gains from trade liberalization for developed and developing countries, agriculture, manufacturing trade, services, trade facilitation, TRIPs and the regulatory agenda, regional trade agreements, aid for trade and much more. This is an essential and accessible primer for policymakers, development practitioners, academics, and journalists. More >>



Turkey: Economic Reform and Accession to the European Union
cover for Bernard's book on Turkeyby Bernard M. Hoekman and Subidey Togan, June 2005
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What requirements must Turkey - the largest country among the candidate and accession countries - meet to join the European Union? What progress has been made toward meeting them? 
This timely volume analyzes the economic challenges confronting Turkey in its quest to accede to the European Union (EU). It focuses on the extent to which Turkey is ready to join the Single Market, comply with the EU’s body of economic regulations and directives, the Acquis Communautaire, and meet the Maastricht criteria for fiscal, monetary, and exchange rate policies.

This book also provides an assessment of Turkey’s national program to meet the accession requirements. It describes briefly what Turkey needs to achieve on the economic policy front to satisfy the conditions for accession, the progress to date, and the likely consequences of implementing the full body of EU requirements.



Global Agricultural Trade and Developing Countries
thumbnail image for books pageby M. Atamas Aksoy and John C. Beghin, January 2005
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This book explores the outstanding issues in global agricultural trade policy and evolving world production and trade patterns. Its coverage of agricultural trade issues ranges from the details of cross-cutting policy issues to the highly distorted agricultural trade regimes of industrial countries and detailed studies of agricultural commodities of economic importance to many developing countries. The book brings together the background issues and findings to guide researchers and policymakers in their global negotiations and domestic policies on agriculture. The book also explores the key questions for global agricultural policies, both the impacts of current trade regimes and the implications of reform. It complements the recent agricultural trade handbook that focuses primarily on the agricultural issues within the context of the World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations (Ingco and Nash 2004).



Intellectual Property and Development: Lessons from Recent Economic Research
Intellectual Property and Development book coverby Carsten Fink and Keith Maskus, January 2005
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International policies toward protection of intellectual property rights (IPRs) have seen profound changes of the past two decades.  Emerging trends and technologies-such as bio-informatics (mapping of the human genome), biotechnology (creation of designer plants), and the widespread availability of digital content and media via the Internet-have raised new questions about intellectual property law. How will developing countries fare in this globalized and challenging intellectual property environment?

In the mid-1990s, the World Trade Organization developed the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), which sets out minimum standards of IPR protection.  The World Bank has held keen interest in better understanding how well-designed intellectual property policies can help foster development and reduce poverty.  This volume brings together studies conducted by World Bank or Bank-affiliated economic researchers who seek to better understand the economic underpinnings of the different degrees and forms of IPR protection. More >>



Customs Modernization Handbook CoverCustoms Modernization Handbook
by Luc De Wulf , Jose B. Sokol, January 2005
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Trade integration contributes substantially to economic development and poverty alleviation. In recent years much progress was made to liberalize the trade regime, but customs procedures are often still complex, costly and non-transparent. This situation leads to misallocation of resources.
Customs Modernization Handbook provides an overview of the key elements of a successful customs modernization strategy and draws lessons from a number of successful customs reforms as well as from customs reform projects that have been undertaken by the World Bank. It describes a number of key import procedures, that have proved particularly troublesome for customs administrations and traders, and provides practical guidelines to enhance their efficiency. The Handbook also reviews the appropriate legal framework for customs operations as well as strategies to combat corruption.

 

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Last updated on Aug 13, 2010




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