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Trade and International Integration Working Papers

The Policy Research Working Paper Series disseminates findings of work in progress to encourage the exchange of ideas about development issues. These are official working papers of the World Bank and are drawn from the World Bank's institutional archives. Each link opens a page with an abstract of the document and several download options. Search All policy research working papers using author’s last name, title or working paper number (“wpsxxxx”).

2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2012-2013

Short-Term Impact of Brexit on the United Kingdom’s Export of Goods
Hiau Looi Kee and Alessandro Nicita
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 8195, September 2017

Services Trade and Global Value Chains
Cecilia Heuser and Aaditya Mattoo
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 8126, June 2017

Does the Adoption of Complex Software Impact Employment Composition and the Skill Content of Occupations? Evidence from Chilean Firms
Rita K. Almeida, Ana M. Fernandes, and Mariana Viollaz
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 8110, June 2017

Trade Policy and Redistribution When Preferences Are Non-Homothetic
Quy-Toan Do and Andrei A. Levchenko
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 8005, March 2017

Does Vertical Specialization Increase Productivity? 
Ileana Cristina Constantinescu, Aaditya Mattoo, and Michele Ruta
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7978, February 2017 

Services in the Trans-Pacific Partnership:  What Would Be Lost?
Batshur Gootiiz and Aaditya Mattoo
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7964, February 2017

2016 

Transit Migration: All Roads Lead to America
Erhan Artuc and Caglar Ozden 
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7880, November 2016

Global Migration of Talent and Tax Incentives: Evidence from Malaysia’s Returning Expert Program
Ximena V. Del Carpio, Caglar Ozden, Mauro Testaverde, and Mathis Wagner
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7875, November 2016

International Migration to the OECD in the 21st Century
Cansin Arslan, Jean-Christophe Dumont, Zovanga L. Kone, Çağlar Özden, Christopher R. Parsons and Theodora Xenogiani
World Bank  KNOWMAD Working paper 16, October 2016 

Preferential Liberalization, Antidumping, and Safeguards: Stumbling Block Evidence from MERCOSUR
Chad P. Bown and Patricia Tovar
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7865, October 2016

Global Talent Flows
Sari Pekkala Kerr, William Kerr, Çaglar Ozden, and Christopher Parsons
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7852, October 2016

Expediting Trade: Impact Evaluation of an In-House Clearance Program
Ana M. Fernandes, Russell Hillberry, and Claudia Berg
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7708, June 2016 

Does the Global Trade Slowdown Matter?
Cristina Constantinescu, Aaditya Mattoo, and Michele Ruta 
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7673, May 2016

Learning, Prices, and Firm Dynamics
Paulo Bastos, Daniel A. Dias, and Olga A. Timoshenko
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7667, May 2016

The GATT’s Starting Point: Tariff Levels circa 1947
Chad P. Bown and Douglas A. Irwin
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7649, April 2016

The Empirical Landscape of Trade Policy
Chad P. Bown and Meredith A. Crowley 
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7620, April 2016

Access to Pre-Primary Education and Progression in Primary School: Evidence from Rural Guatemala
Paulo Bastos, Nicolas L. Bottan, and Julian Cristiax 
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7574, February 2016

Preschool Education in Brazil: Does Public Supply Crowd Out Private Enrollment?
Paulo Bastos and Odd Rune Straume
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7573, February 2016 

Resource Rents, Coercion, and Local Development: Evidence from Post-Apartheid South Africa
Paulo Bastos and Nicolas Bottan
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7572, February 2016

Global Supply Chains and Trade Policy
Emily J. Blanchard, Chad P. Bown, and Robert C. Johnson 
World Bank Research Policy Working Paper 7536, January 2016

2015  

What's left for the WTO?
Chad P. Bown
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7502, December 2015

Regionalism in Services: A Study of ASEAN
Batshur Gootiiz and Aaditya Mattoo 
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7498, November 2015

The Role of Imports for Exporter Performance in Peru
Martha Denisse Pierola, Ana Margarida Fernandes, and Thomas Farole 
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7492, November 2015

Domestic Value Added in Exports: Theory and Firm Evidence from China
Hiau Looi Kee and Heiwai Tang
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7491, November 2015 

Dark Costs, Missing Data: Shedding Some Light on Services Trade
James E. Anderson, Ingo Borchert, Aaditya Mattoo, and Yoto V. Yotov
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7465, October 2015

Exporter Behavior, Country Size and Stage of Development: Evidence from the Exporter Dynamics Database
Ana M. Fernandes, Caroline Freund, and Martha Denisse Pierola 
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7452, October 2015

A Coasian Model of International Production Chains
Thibault Fally and Russell Hillberry
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7434, October 2015

Political Connections and Tariff Evasion: Evidence from Tunisia
Bob Rijkers, Leila Baghdadi, and Gael Raballand
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7336, June 2015

Product Standards and Firms’ Export Decisions
Ana M. Fernandes, Esteban Ferro, and John S. Wilson 
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7315, June 2015

Understanding the Operations of Freight Forwarders: Evidence from Serbia
Alejandra Mendoza Alcántara, Ana M. Fernandes, and Russell Hillberry      
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7311, June 2015

Is the WTO Passé?
Kyle Bagwell, Chad P. Bown, and Robert W. Staiger
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7304, June 2015

Formulas for Failure? Were the Doha Tariff Formulas Too Ambitious for Success?
David Laborde and Will Martin
world Bank Policy Research Working paper 7303, June 2015

Was Weber Right? The Effects of Pay for Ability and Pay for Performance on Pro-Social Motivation, Ability and Effort in the Public Sector
Sheheryar Banuri and Philip Keefer
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7261, May 2015

Trade Agreements and Enforcement: Evidence from WTO Dispute Settlement
Chad P. Bown and Kara M. Reynolds
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7242, April 2015

Economic Implications of a Potential Free Trade Agreement between India and the United States
Emiko Fukase and Will Martin
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7212, March 2015

Policy and Performance in Customs: Evaluating the Trade Facilitation Agreement
Russell Hillberry and Xiaohui Zhang
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7211, March 2015

Trade Effects of Customs Reform: Evidence from Albania
Ana M. Fernandes, Russell Hillberry, Alejandra Mendoza Alcántara
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7210, March 2015

What really is Brain Drain? Location of Birth, Education, and Migration Dynamics of African Doctors
Çaglar Özden and David Phillips
World Bank KNOWMAD Working Paper 4, February 2015

The Global Trade Slowdown: Cyclical or Structural?
Cristina Constantinescu, Aaditya Mattoo, and Michele Ruta
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7158, January 2015

Firm Heterogeneity and Costly Trade: A New Estimation Strategy and Policy Experiments
Ivan Cherkashin, Svetlana Demidova, Hiau Looi Kee, and Kala Krishna
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7156, January 2015

2014 

Estimates of Ad Valorem Equivalents of Barriers Against Foreign Suppliers of Services in Eleven Services Sectors and 103 Countries
Yaghoob Jafari and David G. Tarr
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7096, November 2014

Some Simple Analytics of Trade and Labor Mobility
Erhan Artuc, Shubham Chaudhuri, and John McLaren
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7089, November 2014

CGE Analysis of the Impact of Foreign Direct Investment and Tariff Reform on Female and Male Wages
María C. Latorre
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7073, October 2014

Which Firms Create the Most Jobs in Developing Countries? Evidence from Tunisia
Bob Rijkers, Hassen Arouri, Caroline Freund, Antonio Nucifora
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7068, October 2014

Local Intermediate Inputs and the Shared Supplier Spillovers of Foreign Direct Investment,
Hiau Looi Kee, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7050, September 2014

Reducing Trade Costs in East Africa: Deep Regional Integration and Multilateral Action
Edward J. Balistreri, David G. Tarr, Hidemichi Yonezawa
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7049, September 2014

Grain Price Spikes and Beggar-Thy-Neighbor Policy Responses: A Global Economywide Analysis
Hans G Jensen and Kym Anderson
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7007, August 2014

Poverty Impacts of the Volume-Based Special Safeguard Mechanism
Maros Ivanic and Will Martin
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7006, August 2014

Trade Flows and Trade Disputes
Chad P. Bown and Kara M. Reynolds
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6979, July 2014

The Domestic Segment of Global Supply Chains in China under State Capitalism
Heiwai Tang, Fei Wang, and Zhi Wang
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6960, June 2014

Deals and Delays: Firm-level Evidence on Corruption and Policy Implementation Times
Caroline Freund, Mary Hallward-Driemeier, and Bob Rijkers
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6949, June 2014

Open Skies over the Middle East
Anca Cristea, Russell Hillberry, and Aaditya Mattoo
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6937, June 2014

The Trade-Reducing Effects of Restrictions on Liner Shipping
Fabien Bertho, Ingo Borchert, and Aaditya Mattoo
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6921, June 2014

Export Destinations and Input Prices
Paulo Bastos, Joana Silva, and Eric Verhoogen
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6914, June 2014

Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions in Services: The Role of Policy and Industrial Structure
Alessandro Barattieri, Ingo Borchert and Aaditya Mattoo
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6905, June 2014

Immigrant versus Natives? Displacement and Job Creation
Caglar Ozden and Mathis Wagner
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6900, June 2014

What Do We Know About Preferential Trade Agreements and Temporary Trade Barriers?
Chad P. Bown, Baybars Karacaovali, and Patricia Tovar
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6898, June 2014

Episodes of Unemployment Reduction in Rich, Middle-Income, and Transition Economies
Caroline Freund and Bob Rijkers
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6891, May 2014

A Global Assessment of Human Capital Mobility: The Role of Non-OECD Destinations
Erhan Artuç, Frédéric Docquier, Çaðlar Özden, Christopher Parsons
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6863, May 2014

All in the Family: State Capture in Tunisia
Bob Rijkers, Caroline Freund, and Antonio Nucifora
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6810, March 2014

Import Dynamics and Demands for Protection
Russell Hillberry and Phillip McCalman
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6796, March 2014

Does Energy Consumption Respond to Price Shocks? Evidence from a Regression-Discontinuity Design
Paulo Bastos, Lucio Castro, Julian Cristia, and Carlos Scartascini
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6785, February 2014

Trade Policy Instruments over Time
Chad P. Bown
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6757, January 2014

Impact of Export Destinations on Firm Performance
Tolga Cebeci
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6743, January 2014

Evaluating Aid for Trade: A Survey of Recent Studies
Olivier Cadot, Ana Fernandes, Julien Gourdon, Aaditya Mattoo, and Jaime de Melo
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6742, January 2014

2012 - 2013

The Latest Working Papers  

  • Artuc, Erhan, and John Mclaren. 2012.  "Trade Policy and Wage Inequality: A Structural Analysis with Occupational and Sectoral Mobility. " Policy Research Working Paper 6194. World Bank, Washington, D.C.
     
  • Bastos, Paulo, and Joana Silva. 2012.  "Networks, Firms, and Trade", Policy Research Working Paper 6279. World Bank, Washington, D.C.
     
  • Bastos, Paulo, Odd Rune Straume, and Jaime A. Urrego. 2013.  "Rain, Agriculture, and Tariffs. " Policy Research Working Paper WPS6394. World Bank, Washington, D.C.
     
  • Borchert, Ingo, Batshur Gootiiz, and Aaditya Mattoo. “Policy Barriers to International Trade in Services: Evidence from a New Database", Policy Research Working Paper 6109. World Bank, Washington, D.C.
     
  • Bown, Chad P., and Meredith Crowley. 2013.  "Emerging Economies, Trade Policy, and Macroeconomic Shocks . " Policy Research Working Paper 6315. World Bank, Washington, D.C.
     
  • Bown, Chad P., and Rachel Mcculloch. 2012.  "Antidumping and Market Competition: Implications for Emerging Economies. " Policy Research Working Paper 6197. World Bank, Washington, D.C.
     
  • Bown, Chad P.. 2012.  "Emerging Economies and the Emergence of South-South Protectionism. " Policy Research Working Paper 6162. World Bank, Washington, D.C.
     
  • Bown, Chad P.. 2013.  "How Different Are Safeguards from Antidumping? Evidence from US Trade Policies toward Steel. " Policy Research Working Paper 6378. World Bank, Washington, D.C.
     
  • Bown, Chad P.. 2013.  "Trade Policy Flexibilities and Turkey: Tariffs, Antidumping, Safeguards, and WTO Dispute Settlement. " Policy Research Working Paper 6322. World Bank, Washington, D.C.
     
  • Cadot, Olivier, Ana Margarida Fernandes, Julien Gourdon, and Aaditya Mattoo. 2012.  "Are the Benefits of Export Support Durable? Evidence from Tunisia. " Policy Research Working Paper 6295. World Bank, Washington, D.C.
     
  • Campos, Francisco Moraes Leitao, Aidan Coville, Ana Margarida Fernandes, Markus Goldstein, and David McKenzie. 2012.  "Learning from the experiments that never happened: Lessons from trying to conduct randomized evaluations of matching grant programs in Africa. " Policy Research Working Paper 6296. World Bank, Washington, D.C.
     
  • Cebeci, Tolga, Ana Margarida Fernandes, Caroline Freund, and Martha Denisse Pierola. 2012.  "Exporter Dynamics Database." Policy Research Working Paper 6229. World Bank, Washington, D.C.
     
  • Ferro, Esteban and John S. Wilson. 2013. “The Effect of Product Standards on Agricultural Exports from Developing Countries”, Policy Research Working Paper #6518, World Bank, Washington, DC.
     
  • Fernandes, Ana M., T. Cebeci and M. Pierola. 2012. “Exporter Dynamics Database,” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6229.
     
  • Fernandes, Ana M., D. Lederman, and M. Rocha. “Export Entrepreneurship and Trade Structure in Latin America During Good and Bad Times, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6413.
     
  • Fernandes, Ana M. and T. Cebeci. “Micro Dynamics of Turkey’s Export Boom in the 2000s,” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6452. 
     
  • Freund, Caroline, and Martha Denisse Pierola. 2012.  "Export Superstars. " Policy Research Working Paper 6222. World Bank, Washington, D.C.
     
  • Kee, Hiau Looi, Ivan Cherkashin, Svetlana Demidova, and Kala Krishna. 2013.  "Firm Heterogeneity and Costly Trade: A New Estimation Strategy and Policy Experiments. " Policy Research Working Paper 16557. World Bank, Washington, D.C.
     
  • Mattoo, Aaditya, Ileana Cristina Neagu, and Caglar Ozden. 2012. "Performance of Skilled Migrants in the U.S.: A Dynamic Approach", Policy Research Working Paper 6140. World Bank, Washington, D.C.
     
  • Mattoo, Aaditya, Leonardo Iacovone and Andres Zahler. 2013. “Trade and Innovation in Services : Evidence from a Developing Economy, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6520.
     
  • Mattoo, Aaditya and Arvind Subramanian. 2013. “A "greenprint" for International Cooperation on Climate Change, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6440.
  • Mattoo, Aaditya , Olivier Cadot, Ana M Fernandes, and Julien Gourdon. 2012. “Are the Benefits of Export Support Durable? Evidence from Tunisia”, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6295.
     
  • Mattoo, Aaditya, Cristina Ileana Neagu, and Caglar Ozden. 2012. “Performance of Skilled Migrants in the U.S.: A Dynamic Approach, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6140.
     
  • Mattoo, Aaditya, Ingo Borchert and Batshur Gootiiz. 2012. “Guide to the Services Trade Restrictions Database, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper  6108.
     
  • Mattoo, Aaditya, Ingo Borchert and Batshur Gootiiz. 2012 . Policy Barriers to International Trade in Services: Evidence from a New Database, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6109.
     
  • Mattoo, Aaditya, Prachi Mishra and Arvind Subramanian. 2012. “Spillover Effects of Exchange Rates: A Study of the Renminbi”, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 5989.
     
  • Mattoo, Aaditya, Jens Arnold, Beata Javorcik and Molly Lipscomb. 2012. “Services Reform and Manufacturing Performance:  Evidence from India, World Bank Policy Research Paper 5948 and Centre for Economic Policy Research Discussion Paper No. DP8011.
     
  • Mattoo, Aaditya, Ingo Borchert, Batshur Gootiiz and Arti Grover. 2012. “Landlocked or Policy Locked? How Services Trade Protection Deepens Economic Isolation”, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 5942.
     
  • Michalopoulos, Constantine, and Francis K. T. Ng. 2013.  "Trends in Developing Country Trade 1980-2010. "Policy Research Working Paper 6334. World Bank, Washington, D.C.
     
  • Ng, Francis K.T. and Constantine Michalopoulos (2013), Developing Country Trade Policies and Market Access Issues, 1980-2012, Policy Research Working Paper, No. 6463, World Bank, May.
     
  • Ng, Francis K. T., and Ataman Aksoy. 2013.  "Demand Growth versus Market Share Gains: Decomposing World Manufacturing Import Growth. " Policy Research Working Paper 6375. World Bank, Washington, D.C.
     
  • Ng, Francis K. T., and Bartlomiej Kaminski. 2012.  "Zimbabwe's Foreign Trade Performance During Decade of Economiv Turmoil: Will Export Recover. " Policy Research Working Paper . World Bank, Washington, D.C.
     
  • Ng, Francis K.T.,  K.C. Fung, H. Hwang, and J. Seade (2013), "International Trade and Production Networks: Comparisons of China and Greater China versus India and South India," Working Paper Series, No. 1/2013, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition (BOFIT), January.
     
  • Ng, Francis K.T., KC Fung, and A. Garcia-Herrero (2013), International Price Dispersion and Market Segmentation in Japan and the United States: Theory and Empirics, ADBI Working Paper Series, No. 417, Tokyo: Asian Development Bank Institute, April. 
  • Tarr, David, and Oleksandr Shepotylo. 2012.  "Impact of WTO Accession and the Customs Union on the Bound and Applied Tariffs Rates of the Russian Federation. " Policy Research Working Paper 6161. World Bank, Washington, D.C.
  • Are the Benefits of Export Support Durable?  Evidence from Tunisia
    by Olivier Cadot, Ana M. Fernandes, Julien Gourdon, Aaditya Mattoo 
    December 2012

    This paper evaluates the effects of the FAMEX export promotion program in Tunisia on the performance of beneficiary firms.
    Working Paper 6295
  • Learning from the Experiments that Never Happened: Lessons from Trying to Conduct Randomized Evaluations of Matching Grant Programs in Africa
    by Francisco Campos, Aidan Coville, Ana M. Fernandes, Markus Goldstein, David McKenzie 
    December 2012

    This paper describes the three main proximate reasons for lack of implementation: continued project delays, politicians not willing to allow random assignment, and low program take-up; and then delves into the underlying causes of these occurring.
    Working Paper 6296


Last updated: 2017-09-15




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