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Books published from 2002 through 1996

Development, Trade, and the WTO: A Handbook
by Bernard M. Hoekman, Philip English and Aaditya Mattoo, June 2002
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Developing countries are increasingly confronted with the need to address trade policy related issues in international agreements, most prominently the World Trade Organization (WTO). New WTO negotiations on a broad range of subjects were launched in November 2001. Determining whether and how international trade agreements can support economic development is a major challenge. Stakeholders in developing countries must be informed on the issues and understand how their interests can be pursued through international cooperation.

This handbook offers guidance on the design of trade policy reform, surveys key disciplines and the functioning of the World Trade Organization (WTO), and discusses numerous issues and options that confront developing countries in using international cooperation to improve domestic policy and obtain access to export markets. Many of the issues discussed are also relevant in the context of regional integration agreements. More >>

Trade Liberalization and Poverty: A Handbook
book cover for the Books pageby Neil McCulloch, L. Alan Winters, Xavier Cirera, 2002
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Sponsored by the UK Department for International Development, this book deals directly with concerns that reform may have adverse effects on poverty in developing countries. The first part of the book recaps the current debates over trade policy and anti-poverty policy and the connections between them. The second part explores ten areas of trade policy that are likely to figure in future trade negotiations and examines the possible impact upon poverty in each case. The authors argue that the poverty impact of trade liberalization is extremely country specific, being pro-poor in some cases and anti-poor in others. However, they believe that it is better to tackle poverty concerns directly (for example, by safety nets and investments to facilitate structural reform) rather than through the continuation of protectionist policies. Given the popular suspicions about trade liberalization, this handbook will make an important contribution to debate on globalization and poverty.

Globalization, Growth, and Poverty: Building an Inclusive World Economy
by Paul Collier, David Dollar, December 2001
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Globalization is already a powerful force for poverty reduction as societies and economies around the world are becoming more integrated. Although this international integration presents considerable opportunities for developing countries, it also contains significant risks. Associated with international integration are concerns about increasing inequality, shifting power, and cultural uniformity.

Globalization, Growth, and Poverty focuses on globalization in terms of growing economic integration resulting from the increased flow of goods and services, people, capital, and information. The report is primarily concerned with the effect that this growing integration has on economic growth and poverty reduction. It assesses the impact of globalization and addresses the ensuing anxieties. By focusing on specific policy recommendations, this report proposes an agenda for action aimed at minimizing the risks that globalization potentially generates, while maximizing the opportunities for the poor.

Developing Countries and the WTO - A Pro-active Agenda
Book cover for the books pageby Bernard Hoekman and Will Martin, 2001
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This volume brings together a selection of papers that were prepared as background analyses for a collaborative research capacity-building project, focusing on the WTO negotiating agenda.

  • Contributors review the results of the Uruguay Round negotiations, discuss developing country concerns relating to the operation of the WTO and assess implementation of WTO agreements.
  • Contributors quantify the potential benefits of further global liberalization of access to markets for industrial and agricultural products, and assess the relative merits of expanding multilateral disciplines into new areas such as investment, competition, and labor and environmental policies.

Trade Policy Developments in the Middle East and North Africa
for the Books pageby Hana Kheir el Din and Bernard Hoekman, Februrary 2000
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 "While very diverse in many respects, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries nevertheless also share some common characteristics, including a number of important shared challenges for policymakers." The Middle East and North Africa region has great potential for economic growth and prosperity in the 21st century. Yet, this potential will not be realized unless governments and private sector leaders in the region forge partnerships for development. An indispensable resource for all those working within the international development community, especially within the Middle East and North Africa region, Trade Policy Developments offers policy and institutional alternatives to help both parties achieve that goal. This volume describes and analyzes recent trade policy developments in the Middle East and North Africa. Contributors--almost all economists from the region-review recent trends in trade performance, assess current trade and investment regimes, and discuss some of the emerging microeconomic policy challenges that confront governments and firms seeking to export and trade. Topics addressed include the need and scope for using regional integration and economic free zones as a tool of development, mobilization of non-trade tax bases, efficient enforcement of product standards to ensure health and safety of citizens, and implementation of modern information technologies to facilitate customs clearance. This book is the second in a series from the Mediterranean Development Forum, a partnership of 10 Middle East and North Africa Region think tanks and the World Bank Institute. This volume will be of interest to development specialists, policymakers, and investors.

The New Trade Agenda of WTO, Spanish Edition
La Nueva Agenda del Comercio en la OMC

book cover for the books pageby Marcelo Olarreaga and Ricardo Rocha, 2000
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The contributions to this book assess the merits of developing multilateral disciplines for a number of "new" trade agenda items and evaluate the potential benefits for the multilateral system of re-negotiating some of the existing agreements. The different chapters cover issues such as competition law, investment policy, government procurement, trade in services, export promotion and regionalism.

Catching Up with the Competition - Trade Opportunities and Challenges for Arab Countries
book cover for the Books pageby Bernard Hoekman and Jamel Zarrouk, 2000
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The book examines important issues in trade in and among nations in the Middle East and North America.

At a time when countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are joining the World Trade Organization, the lack of an economically sound analysis of trade policies in the region is especially notable. This volume remedies the situation by bringing together a distinguished group of applied trade economists to provide a broad view of the state of trade in and among the region's nations. The contributors provide original empirical analyses on key reform issues, and their work reflects deep knowledge of government concerns and policies.

Part 1 sets the scene by comparing the performance of the MENA region with the rest of the world on a large number variables and indicators. Part 2 contains a number of CGE model-based analyses of trade policy reform options. Part 3 focuses on specific policy areas: standards as nontariff barriers and red tape, trade facilitation, an assessment of the impact of protecting intellectual property using partial equilibrium techniques, and a review of the existing Euro-Med agreements. Part 4 discusses how the region could benefit from WTO membership and from changing the existing regional integration schemes into arrangements that help promote a growth enhancing reform agenda.

The volume will be essential reading for economists and policymakers working in and with the MENA nations, as well as officials at the multilateral and regional institutions.

Trade Policy Reform: Lessons and Implications
by John Nash and Wendy Takacs, November 1998
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This book contains a series of papers presented at the final conference sponsored by the Trade Expansion Program (TEP). The first chapter provides an overview of some of the lessons learned from the TEP ' s experience, among others, that trade policy reform is facilitated by the macroeconomic stability, even, though the last one, not necessarily needs a full attainment; that trade policy reform will only prove worthy when foreign exchange mechanisms are properly allocated; that trade reforms induce a self-sustaining behavior due to the credibility of such reforms; that the fiscal impact following trade reforms should be carefully considered, in order for these reforms to be effective and sustainable. The issues addressed in the papers range from rather abstract (What makes trade reforms politically sustainable?) to intensely pragmatic (What is the most practical design for a duty drawback system or a technical assistance program?). Hence, a diversity in interests comes from the cross-fertilization of ideas produced by different perspectives on the subject of trade policy reforms.

The Uruguay Round: Statistics on Tariff Concessions Given and Received
for the Books pageJ. Michael Finger, M. Ingco, Ulrich Reincke, September 1996
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This publication provides summaries of the tariff liberalization agreed at the Uruguay Round negotiations of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). The tables provide measures of reductions, bindings, and levels of most-favored-nation (MFN) customs tariff rates. The first group of tables presents tariff reductions and binding from the perspective of the economic or group that gave the concession. The second group of tables looks at the tariff concessions that each economy or group received from its trading partners.


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