||Are Neighbours Equal? Estimating Local Inequality in Three Developing Countries (WIDER DP #2003/52)
|Chris Elbers, Peter Lanjouw, Johan Mistiaen, Ken Simler, and Berk Özler
||July 11, 2003
||Adobe Acrobat (PDF) [340 KB]
A methodology to produce disaggregated estimates of inequality is implemented in three developing countries: Ecuador, Madagascar and Mozambique. These inequality estimates are decomposed into progressively more disaggregated spatial units and the results in all three countries are suggestive that even at a very high level of spatial disaggregation, the contribution to overall inequality of within-community inequality remains very high. The results also indicate there is a considerable amount of variation across communities in all three countries.
The authors also explore some basic correlates of local-level inequality and consitently find that geographic characteristics are strongly correlated with inequality, even after controlling for demographic and economic conditions.