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Research Programs 

As research programs are completed the associated websites are retired. Archived websites can accessed, searched ,and viewed (links below), but are no longer updated.  Associated Bank outputs are available on the archived website or the Bank archives at research docsearch.

Sustainable urban and rural development
September 2009

Sustainable Urban and Rural Development
The research program on rural and urban development, infrastructure, and the environment covers many aspects of and interactions within the rural-urban space. Poverty is a rural phenomenon in many countries (75 percent of the world’s poor live in rural areas), but in fast urbanizing countries poverty is increasingly becoming a predominantly urban phenomenon. With climate change becoming a focus of international policy debates, the research program on this topic has expanded significantly. Through its in-house Spatial Analysis Unit, the team has also developed a strong capability in the spatial analysis of economic issues including the use of Geographical Information Systems. 

December 2008

New Ideas in Pollution Regulation (NIPR)
A site for researchers, government officials, and citizens interested in understanding and improving control of industrial pollution, especially in developing countries. NIPR is the primary source for materials produced by the World Bank's Economics of Industrial Pollution Control Research Project.
Completed Research Projects 
Economics and Institutions of Water
Archived August 2011

Five studies shed light on the economies of irrigation water pricing:

  1. Water Institutions and Sector Performance
  2. Guidelines for Pricing Irrigation Water Efficiency, Implementation Cost and Equity Consideration
  3. Micro-Macro Linkages Irrigation Water Management
  4. Monopoly Power and Distribution in Fragmented Markets: The Case of Groundwater
  5. Cooperative Arrangements for Water Allocation under Competition among Water Use

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