Climate and Disaster Resilience of Greater Dhaka Area: A Micro Level Analysis – Dataset
World Bank Task Team Leader: Susmita Dasgupta
Non-Bank Author: Sarwar Jahan
Web Address: Climate and Disaster Resilience of Greater Dhaka Area: A Micro Level Analysis
Topic: Environment, Climate Change, Disaster Risk Reduction, Urban Resilience
Report Number: World Bank BDS Working Paper # 32
Megacity Dhaka encounters various kinds of natural disasters quite frequently owing to its geographical location and a number of other physical and environmental conditions including low topography, land characteristics, multiplicity of rivers and the monsoon climate. Floods and waterlogging in Dhaka regularly disrupt the lives and livelihoods of the city dwellers and most adversely affect the fringe areas and slums.
As expected, climate and disaster resilience is not uniform in all parts of megacity Dhaka. Different parts of the city and its surrounding areas vary significantly in terms of infrastructure, facilities and resilience to flood and waterlogging. This report quantified spatial variations in the flood resilience patterns resulting from differences in the strengths and weaknesses of the city’s economic, social, physical, institutional or natural aspects across its various parts; and assessed Dhaka’s local preparedness for urban flood emergencies at ward level.
The study used Climate Disaster Resilience Index (CDRI) - a planning tool developed by the Climate and Disaster Resilience Initiative of the Kyoto University to measure climate disaster resilience of Dhaka City in its seven drainage zones - at ward and thana level. To compute Dhaka’s CDRI, a micro-level analysis was conducted and local situations of wards and thanas were assessed collecting survey data. The CDRI was quantified with 125 variables (25 components along five dimensions physical, social, economic, institutional and natural).
The analysis provided a wealth of information that can be used to identify priority zones as well as priority sectors in Dhaka for improving disaster resilience. The study identified weaknesses and potentials of different zones in various aspects, and also provided information on relevant variables to facilitate preparation of hazard and vulnerability maps in different zones.
This report was prepared by Sarwar Jahan, World Bank Consultant and Professor of the Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology. The study was conducted under the World Bank-supported study on Urban Flooding of Greater Dhaka in a Changing Climate: Potential Damage and Adaptation (Task team Leader: Susmita Dasgupta). The study team gratefully acknowledges the financial support provided by the Bangladesh Climate Change Resilience Fund (BCCRF) - a multi-donor trust fund supported by the governments of the United Kingdom, Denmark, Sweden, Switzerland, Australia, the United States, and the European Union.
Lead Researcher: Professor Sarwar Jahan – email: email@example.com
Climate and Disaster Resilience Dataset (XLS 77.2 kb)