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Environmental Tax Reform: Examples from China, Vietnam and other developing countries

Research Seminar in the Development Research Group, Environment and Energy Team
Environmental Tax Reform: Examples from China, Vietnam and other developing countries
Presented by Kai Schlegelmilch, Vice-President of Green Budget Germany/Europe and Sina Johannes, German Technical Development Cooperation (GIZ)

Venue: MC 2-850, World Bank
Tuesday, February 15 -- 1.00-2.30 p.m.

A light lunch will be provided

Kai Schlegelmilch will first give a general background to Environmental Tax Reform (ETR), and recent implementations of such reform in Europe. The presenters will then review the current environmental tax reform processes in China (Kai) and Vietnam (Sina). In China, a carbon tax may soon be introduced, to be decided on the People’s Party Congress in March. Calculations of impacts of such a tax will be discussed. Vietnam plans by 2012 to implement a tax on oil products (with an excise tax of 5-20 cents per liter for gasoline), coal, and harmful substances such as chemicals and pesticides. Model calculations indicate that Vietnam’s CO2 emissions will drop by between 2.3% and 7.5% due to the tax reform. Kai will also present five other recent case studies, from Barbados, Burkina Faso, South Africa, Uganda and Vanuatu. In many developing countries, environmental taxation offers high potential for efficiency improvements through reduced greenhouse gas emissions, induced co-benefits, and raising additional fiscal revenues; but implementation can be complicated. This seminar intends to shed light on these processes, and on stepping and stumbling stones on the way.

This seminar is held in cooperation with the Heinrich Böll Stiftung North America, which we kindly thank for their provision of a light lunch.

Bio, Kai Schlegelmilch:
Kai Schlegelmilch is Vice-President of Green Budget Germany/Europe, an NGO advocating that more fiscal and economic instruments be applied in environmental policy. He also holds a position in the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety. He is a leading figure in Germany and Europe on environmental tax and fiscal reform. He helped develop and implement the German Ecological Tax Reform, and has recently advised the Chinese and the Vietnamese governments on environment tax and fiscal reform on behalf of the German development agency, GIZ. Kai holds a diploma in political economics.

Bio, Sina Johannes:
Sina Johannes is currently enrolled in a Young Professional programme for the German Development Cooperation, spending a two-month internship in the World Bank (DECEE) as part of this programme. She worked last year in Vietnam supporting the environmental tax reform within the GIZ ‘Macroeconomic Reform Programme’. Previously, Sina worked in the GIZ Headquarter on Sustainable Economic Development as well as the Institute for Applied Economic Research. She holds a Master’s Degree in International Economics.


For further information on the presentation, contact Jon Strand, DECEE (, 202-458-5122.

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