Click here for search results

Toxic substance pollution

Home page obsolete pesticides

This World Bank research focuses on toxic substance pollution in three areas in developing countries:

  • pesticide use
  • integrated pest management
  • clean up priorities for stockpiles of obsolete pesticides.
Contact: Susmita Dasgupta,

Research on toxic substance pollution began with a study of pesticide residues in agricultural crops imported into the United States, primarily from Latin American countries. The work on Brazil, which found that farmers and consumers in developing countries are exposed to higher levels of toxic pesticides compared to higher-income countries1,2, lead to more detailed studies of pesticide effects on health and environment in other developing countries.
  • Pesticide use in developing countries
    Investigates health hazards for agricultural workers, consumers of agricultural products, and ecosystems, and severity of toxic agricultural pollution.
    Bangladesh, Vietnam)
  • Integrated pest management 
    Looks into farmer's experience with alternative practicies and potential obstacles to adopting integrated pest management (IPM) and organic practices.
    (Bangladesh, Vietnam)


  1. Pesticide use in Brazil in the Era of Agroindustrialization and Globalization, Susmita Dasgupta, Nlandu Mamingi, and Craig Meisner, Environment and Development Economics 6: 459–82, 2001.
  2. Agricultural Trade, Development and Toxic Risk, Susmita Dasgupta, Craig Meisner, David Wheeler, World Development 30 (8): 1401–12, 2002

Permanent URL for this page:

© 2016 The World Bank Group, All Rights Reserved. Legal