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When cyclones strike: Using mangroves to protect coastal areas by Susmita Dasgupta (Let’s Talk Development, 28 November 2017)
Rural electrification: How much does Sub-Saharan Africa need the grid? by Michael Toman and Jörg Peters (Let’s Talk Development blog, 11 July 2017)

The potential gain from regional electricity trade in South Asia 
Mike Toman and Govinda Timilsina. (Let’s Talk Development blog, 16 March 2017 )

Climate change drives up river salinity gladesh 
Susmita Dasputa (, 10 March 2017)

International transfers of mitigation to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement
Michael Toman and Suzi Kerr
Let’s Talk Development blog, 16 February 2017

A hybrid model to evaluate energy efficiency for climate change mitigation 
Govinda Timilsina.
Let’s Talk Development blog, 14 February 2017

Rise in soil salinity may cause fall in rice yield: World Bank
The Daily Sun, 28th January 2017

High-Density Cities Hold the Key to Transforming Economic Geography
January 2017: In this Policy Research Talk, Uwe Deichmann, discussed how cities drive differential rates of development through economies of scale. And as countries urbanize, incomes go up.

Increasing Salinity in a Changing Climate Likely to Alter Sundarban’s Ecosystem
Jan. 22, 2017: Recent World Bank studies predict the progressive salinization of water and soil in a changing climate will significantly impact the UNESCO World Heritage Site Sundarban’s fragile ecosystem and affect the surrounding poor population. Increased water salinity will alter the aquatic ecosystem and the mangrove forest, along with significant shortages of water for drinking and irrigationin the southwest coastal area, while soil salinization is likely to lead to a significant decline in the output of high-yielding-variety rice


When does pollution policy work? The water quality and infant mortality impacts of Mehta vs. Union of India 
Quy-Toan Do, Shareen Joshi, and Samuel Stolper (Let’s Talk Development, 13 October 2016)

Do households use improved cook stoves? What are the benefits? An Ethiopian case study Michael Toman (Let’s Talk Development, 7 October 2016)

Getting more Bank for the Buck 
Jon Strand (Let's Talk Development, April 27, 2016)

Climate Change Poses Urgent Threat to Poor of Coastal Bangladesh
July 2016: In this talk, Lead Environmental Economist Susmita Dasgupta presented new projections of the impact of climate change on the poor in coastal Bangladesh through 2050 from cyclonic inundation, river salinity, and soil salinity.


Land Market Restrictions and Rural Land Markets
M. Shahe Emran and Forhad Shilpi

Vulnerability to Climate Change in Coastal Bangladesh 
Susmita Dasgupta, Mainul Huq, Md. Golam Mustafa, and others

Deforestation Prevention Programs and Community-Managed Forestry
Sahan T. M. Dissanayake, Prakash Jha, Bhim Adhikari, and others

Getting more Bank for the Buck 
Jon Strand (Let's Talk Development blog, April 27, 2016)

Urban Planning Decisions Lock Cities In for Generations
February 2016: Participants at the 3rd Urbanization and Poverty Reduction Research Conference highlighted two areas—urban density and local governance—where policy can increase the sustainability of cities.


Understanding urban land markets in West Africa 
Alain Durand-Lasserve, Maÿlis Durand-Lasserve, and Harris Selod (Africa Can End Poverty blog, December 10, 2015)

How roads support development 
Claudia Berg, Uwe Deichmann, and Harris Selod (Let’s Talk Development blog, December 8, 2015)


Effectiveness of Protected Areas
Do protected areas have lower deforestation because of their protected status, or do other factors explain the difference?
Brian Blankespoor, Susmita Dasgupta, and David Wheeler

Climate Change and Rural Livelihoods in Bangladesh
Climate change has serious implications for poverty, underscoring the imperative for policy planning to cope with its effects

Susmita Dasgupta, Md. Moqbul Hossain, Mainul Huq, and David Wheeler

The Need for Broader Information in Climate Change Assessment
Complementing economic analysis with other types of information could increase its usefulness in assessing climate change
Michael Toman

Ten years from Katrina: How can countries defend themselves from the next big hurricane?
Listen to the Nature podcast with Edward Barbier and Susmita Dasgupta, August 20, 2015 (6:58).

Left unattended, 5.3 million of Bangladesh’s poor will be vulnerable to the effects of climate change in 2050
Susmita Dasgupta,April 6, 2015

Salinity Intrusion in a Changing Climate Scenario will Hit Coastal Bangladesh Hard
February 2015: Climate change is likely to increase river salinity, soil salinity, and create higher dependency ratios, poverty incidence and out-migration rate for working-age adults.


Controlling Global Climate Change
September 2014: In this research talk, Mike Toman described the task of mitigating global climate change as a "wicked problem." It presents great scientific and economic complexity, very deep uncertainties, profound ethical issues, and even lack of agreement on what the problem is.

Valuing preservation of the Amazon rainforest
Jon Strand, September 9, 2014

Internet or Toilets
Uwe Deichmann, July 21, 2014 

River Salinity in Coastal Bangladesh in a Changing Climate
Susmita Dasgupta, March 31, 2014

Addressing Household Air Pollution: A Case Study in Rural Madagascar
Susmita Dasgupta and Paul Martin, January 9, 2014


Power Line Projects Create Significant “Indirect” Jobs, Aug. 14, 2013

Biodiversity and National Accounting
Kirk Hamilton, Summer 2013

Fuel charges in international Aviation and shipping: How high, how, and why?
Jon Strand, April 17, 2013.

What is the Bank’s principal mission on climate finance and mitigation?
Jon Strand, March 22, 2013

Coastal Wetlands Highly Vulnerable to Sea-Level Rise
March 1, 2013 

Habitat Threats for Tigers (Slides)
Susmita Dasgupta, January 28, 2013.


Environment and Energy in Sub-Saharan Africa (2009-2012)
September 2012:  This roundup features research on unifying the regional economic space in East Africa, effective and efficient water policies, how increases in biofuels production will affect both land use and food supply, electricity reform needed to mitigate unsustainable groundwater use in agriculture, incentives to cooperate on bilateral water treaties, increasing access to electricity in Africa, climate change and agriculture adaptation strategies, how regionalizing African infrastructure can bring substantial economic gains, coastal risks from sea-level rise and storm surges

Environment, Energy, and Sustainable Development (2008-2011)
January 2012: The roundup features research on energy, environment, water, climate change, as well as cross-cutting issues like urban-regional development and infrastructure within the larger context of environmental sustainability and economic efficiency in advancing growth and poverty reduction.



How Global Biofuel Expansion Could Affect the Economy, Environment and Food Supply
June 27, 2011


Where is the Wealth of Nations?
Kirk Hamilton, October 26, 2010

Paper on Country Stakes in Climate Change Wins a Prize
Dec. 2010: The first annual prize for excellence was awarded by the journal Climate Policy with support from TerraCarbon, Joanneum Research, and Climate Strategies. In
 announcing the award of the inaugural 2010 Schlamadinger Prize the panel of judges cited the paper’s innovative focus on developing countries; construction of a comprehensive geo-referenced database of indicators; thorough analysis; and timeliness as an input for international negotiations on carbon emissions mitigation and adaptation assistance. The authors are donating the prize money (1,000 euros) to Solar Aid, an NGO that promotes rural solar power development in East and Southern Africa.

Country Stakes in Climate Change Negotiations: Two Dimensions of Vulnerability
Piet Buys
, Uwe Deichmann, Craig Meisner (World Bank); Thao Ton That (UNEP/GRID Geneva):
David Wheeler (Center for Global Development)
Climate Change 9(3): 288-305 (2009).


December 2009: Background on current development issues based on research from inside and outside the World Bank.
arrowhighlight.gif Climate change & development 
arrowhighlight.gif Tropical deforestation & biodiversity 
arrowhighlight.gif More KinD Notes 

Toxic Waste from Obsolete Pesticides—A Growing Threat in Developing Countries 
November 2009: Abandoned pesticide stockpiles pose a growing threat to people and ecosystems in developing countries. A geo-referenced method developed for policy makers in Tunisia is also being presented to Mali and other African countries to prioritize stockpile clean-up as inventories become available.



Climate Change: Likely Impacts on African Crops, Livestock & Farm Types
June 2008: 
Setting the stage for climate change adaptation policies in Africa | Africa's future distribution of crops | How climate change can affect livestock decisions | Will the distribution of farm types change? | Future research directions

Determinants of a Digital Divide in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Spatial Econometric Analysis of Cell Phone Coverage
March 2008: Africa exhibits great disparities in coverage by cell telephone systems and in this research, the authors investigate the determinants of these disparities with an econometric model that employs locational information for cell-phone towers across Sub-Saharan Africa.
WB Research on the Challenges of Adapting to Climate Change
December 2007: The World Bank conducts rigorous research on climate change to guide its operational strategies and offer better advice to member countries. An important aspect of this research agenda is its focus on adaptation to climate change – an issue that has received increasing attention since Kyoto. For most UNFCCC parties with relatively low emissions, adaptation is the critical challenge in framing policies that respond to climate change.
Country Stakes in Climate Change Negotiations
October 2007: Using a comprehensive geo-referenced database of indicators relating to global change and energy, a set of composite measures were derived to gain insight into countries’ likely attitudes toward international treaties that regulate carbon emissions. When countries are classified according to source and impact vulnerability using these composite measures clear differences emerge in the factors that determine likely negotiating positions. Successful negotiation of a global protocol will likely require compensation and cross-subsidy mechanisms that reflect, at a minimum, the dimensions of vulnerability considered in this study.
Climate Change: The Final Blow for Agriculture in Africa
August 2007: A recent cross-country study using the Ricardian approach shows that the effects of climate change on the African continent may force large regions of marginal agriculture out of production by the end of this century, while helping others. The study highlights the importance of equipping millions of agriculture-dependent and water-deprived Africans in the most vulnerable countries with the information, technologies, and supporting institutions they need to adapt to further climate deterioration.
Will Markets Direct Investments under the Kyoto Protocol?
Summer 2007: Political aims and cultural ties may influence the placement of emission reduction projects under the Kyoto Protocol.
Climate Changes and Impact on Coastal Countries: Risk of Sea-Level Rise: High Stakes for Developing Countries
February 2007:  The impact of sea level rise from global warming could be catastrophic for many developing countries. The World Bank estimates that even a one meter rise would turn at least 60 million people in the developing world into environmental refugees. This is the finding of a new World Bank working paper, "The impact of sea level rise on developing countries: a comparative analysis."


Road Upgrading and Trade Expansion in Sub-Saharan Africa
December 2006: Improving transport infrastructure in the land-locked interior of Africa is a high priority of the World Bank’s Africa Action Plan. A new research study investigates the likely trade benefits of investing in upgrading and maintaining a trans-African highway network. The estimated benefits are significant. On the road from Bangui in the Central African Republic to Kisangani in Congo DR, for instance, the increase in trade volume is estimated at 793 percent.

Toxic Pollution from Agriculture: Costs and Remedies 
November 2006: In recent decades, the indiscriminate use of agricultural pesticides has created very serious health and environmental problems in many developing countries. One to five million farm workers are estimated to suffer pesticide poisoning every year (WHO, UNEP) and at least 20,000 die annually from exposure, many of them in developing countries.

Saving the Forests (Policy Research Report)
October 2006: Preserving the world’s rapidly shrinking tropical forests and improving the economic prospects of millions of poor people requires an urgent strengthening of national forest governance. Globally, this calls for strong financial incentives, says a new World Bank policy research report, "At Loggerheads? Agricultural Expansion, Poverty Reduction and Environment in the Tropical Forests."

Disclosing Emissions Information Helps Check Pollution in Asia
April 2006:
 Public disclosure of emissions information has proved very useful in developing countries with obvious regulatory problems, as in joint program with EcoWatch in the Philippines where compliance has increased 50 percent in over 45 rated factories between 1997 and 1998. New research on environmental pollution and health, focusing on implications for people has become part of a broad research program for the World Bank.

Do Roads Bring Jobs to People? Lessons in Economic Geography
January 2006: Authorities need to better understand the factors that influence location decisions for manufacturing firms, and also need to view the outcomes of potential policy interventions, such as investment in transport infrastructure to imrpove market accessibility of lagging regions, in a new ‘economic geography’ context. 

Last updated: 2018-01-02

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