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As research programs are completed the associated websites are retired, but can still be searched and viewed (links below). Most research outputs, including those from completed programs, can be queried in the World Bank archives.

Environment and Natural Resources 

Valuation Methods and Applications


Valuation Applications
This World Bank research focuses on methods and applications for assessing the economic costs of environmental degradation and the benefits of improved environmental management.

 currencyValuation Methods and Applications
This World Bank research focuses on methods and applications for asessing the economic costs of environmental degradation and the benefitsof improved environmental management.

Urban and Regional Development

cityUrban Services for the poor
This World Bank research on urban services has focused on evaluating the value of public services, how service delivery can be improved and how they can be better financed.
Housing markets in developing country cities 
This World Bank research focuses on housing markets in developing country cities.

Location of economic activity
This World Bank research focuses on the location of economic activity.



Highways and Economic Geography
This World Bank research focuses on the role of national transportation networks in shaping a country’s internal economic geography and, in particular, whether or not investments in such networks involve a policy trade-off between national economic performance and disparities between leading and lagging regions.

africa road

Trans-Africa highways and trade
This World Bank research focuses how transport infrastructure affects regional or international trade and economic growth.


infrastructureInfrastructure and regional growth
This World Bank research on infrastructure and regional growth uses spatially explicit models of accessibility in econometric analysis of regional growth and productivity.




Sustainable urban and rural development

September 2009

Sustainable Urban and Rural Development
The research program on rural and urban development, infrastructure, and the environment covers many aspects of and interactions within the rural-urban space. Poverty is a rural phenomenon in many countries (75 percent of the world’s poor live in rural areas), but in fast urbanizing countries poverty is increasingly becoming a predominantly urban phenomenon. With climate change becoming a focus of international policy debates, the research program on this topic has expanded significantly. Through its in-house Spatial Analysis Unit, the team has also developed a strong capability in the spatial analysis of economic issues including the use of Geographical Information Systems. 


December 2008
New Ideas in Pollution Regulation (NIPR)
A site for researchers, government officials, and citizens interested in understanding and improving control of industrial pollution, especially in developing countries. NIPR is the primary source for materials produced by the World Bank's Economics of Industrial Pollution Control Research Project. 

Last updated: 2009-06-03

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