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The Economics of Conflict

This research program on the economic causes and consequences of conflict started with the Economics of Civil War and Crime and Violence research projects in the late 1990s and culminated in the World Development Report on Security, Conflict and Development in 2011.

Questions about previous research related to the economics of fragile and conflict-affected countries can be directed to Gary Milante,


WDR 2011 on Security, Conflict and Development: 
Violent conflict remains a central development concern and an issue for the World Bank across all regions and income levels. The World Development Report 2011 aims to sharpen the discussion on what can be done to support societies struggling to prevent or grapple with violence.

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The Landmine Contamination, Casualties and Clearance Database (LC3D): 
This is a new dataset consisting of country and some sub-national level data on unexploded ordinance and explosive remnants of war for affected countries, 1998 to Present.  The first inputs for this dataset were drawn from the Landmine Monitor for these years.  Further refinement and additional data for these countries/years is being collected in collaboration with the UN Mine Action Team, the UNDPUNICEF Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, and other partners.  The expanded, public version of this dataset will be published in March 2011 and it will be updated continuously as more data becomes available from partners.

The Armed Conflict and Location and Event Database (ACLED):  DECRG supports the gathering of real-time geographically identified (GIS) conflict data through the ACLED project.  Using data from international news sources, ACLED is expanding the pilot project to cover approximately forty countries, including all of the World Bank’s fragile states.  This will later be expanded to include all conflict events and will be backdated to 1997 to expand the dataset for researchers.

Peace and Development: 
A new Knowledge for Change funded research project that studies the effects of power-sharing, democratization and macroeconomic policy on immediate post-conflict development. These issues are analyzed in the context of case studies that reflect varied and rich post-conflict experiences.   In keeping with the collaborative tradition of past research, this research project is being conducted with the Institute for the Study of International Development at McGill University. This partnership ensures multi-disciplinary research and north-south collaboration through an innovative research approach that brings thematic paper authors and case study authors together over the length of the research project.  Our first workshop was held in Montreal in November 2008 and a second set of papers was presented in a workshop in Kigali in May, 2009. A dissemination conference was held December 9-11, 2009 in Washington, D.C. A volume collecting the papers in this research project will be published in 2011. 


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Peace and Development Dissemination Conference, Dec 9-11, 2009

Policy Research Report
Breaking the Conflict Trap: Civil War and Development Policy

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