Since the end of the Second World War, the international community has been focusing on reducing the number and the proportion of people who suffer from hunger. Over time it became clear that no single indicator would provide a comprehensive picture of the food security situation. Rather, a suite of indicators is necessary to describe food insecurity in all its dimensions. The demand for evidence based policies, which brings together providers such as statistical offices and users of food security indicators including policy makers and researchers, has also been increasing. The ADePT-Food Security Module (ADePT-FSM) was developed to produce food security indicators from food consumption data collected in household surveys (HS). These indicators include the consumption of calories and macronutrients, the availability of micronutrients and amino acids, the distribution of calories and the proportion of people undernourished.
ADePT- FSM requires four datasets. Three of them contain data extracted from the original HS files, including household and household members’ characteristics, and quantities and monetary values of food commodities consumed by households. The fourth datasets contains calorie and nutrients conversion factors extracted from national/regional Food Composition Tables.
The food security indicators are derived at the national and subnational levels such as by region, area of residence or household heads’ characteristics. ADePT-FSM also produces statistics by group of food items and at the food item level. Some National Food Insecurity Reports are available at http://www.fao.org/economic/ess/ess-fs/fscapdev/essfscd/en/.