Sub-Saharan Africa (developing only)
GDP (current US$)
The LSMS-ISA project is providing technical and financial assistance to the Malawi Integrated Household Survey (IHS) Program, starting with the implementation of the Third Integrated Household Survey (IHS3) in 2010/11. Following up on the IHS3, the Integrated Household Panel Survey (IHPS) 2013 was implemented to track and re-interview 3,246 households that were previously interviewed during the IHS3. The IHPS also tracked split-off individuals that moved away from IHS3 dwelling locations to establish/join new households which were in turn interviewed by the IHPS, boosting the panel household sample to 4,000 in 2013.
Through a new wave of funding from the USAID, the LSMS is providing technical and financial assistance to the Fourth Integrated Household Survey (IHS4) in 2016/17 and the Fifth Integrated Household Survey (IHS5) in 2019/2020. The IHS4 and the IHS5 will both have a cross-sectional sample of 12,480 households that will be interviewed across a 12-month period. In addition to the cross-sectional component, starting with the IHS4, an initial target of 1,989 panel households that were interviewed in IHPS 2013 and that could be traced back to half of the 204 enumeration areas that were originally sampled for the IHPS 2013 will be tracked. The panel household sample will be allowed to expand in both waves through the tracking of split-off individuals and the new households that they form. By the end of 2019/20, the work program will have generated three rounds of cross-sectional data and four rounds of panel data spanning nearly a decade.
Fieldwork for IHS4 concluded in April 2017.
The Malawi National Statistics Office (NSO) is the implementing agency for the IHS3 2010/11 and the IHPS 2013, the IHS4 2016/17 and the upcoming IHS5 2019/20. In addition to the LSMS-ISA project, the IHS3 2010/11 was funded by the Government of Malawi, the Government of Norway, DFID, the Millennium Challenge Corporation, and Irish Aid; the IHPS 2013 received funding from DFID; the IHS4 and the IHS5 are receiving funding from USAID through LSMS-ISA and the Millennium Challenge Corporation is contributing to IHS4. The LSMS team is the primary source of technical assistance in support of the design and implementation of the aforementioned household surveys.
Sampling and Survey Design
The IHS3 2010/11 sample includes 12,271 households surveyed in 768 households. The overall sample is representative at the district-, regional-, urban-rural and national-level. 3,247 IHS3 households from 204 enumeration areas were designated as "panel" prior to the start of the IHS3 field work who were visited twice during the IHS3 (in the post-planting and post-harvest periods with respect to the rainy agricultural seasons) and were later tracked and re-interviewed as part of the IHPS. The rest of the IHS3 sample were designated as "cross-sectional" and were visited only once during the IHS3 fieldwork, similar to the practice that was followed during the Second Integrated Household Survey (IHS2) 2004/05. For more detailed information on the IHS3, please see the IHS3 Basic Information Document.
The IHPS 2013 was designed to be representative at the regional, urban/rural- and national-level. Beyond household tracking targets, the IHPS tracked all individuals that changed locations in between the IHS3 and the IHPS interview, that were projected to be 12 years of age at the time of the IHPS interview and that were neither servants nor guests at the time of the IHS3 interview. For more detailed information on the IHPS, please see the IHPS Basic Information Document.
The IHS4 2016/17 sample includes 12,480 households surveyed in 780 enumeration areas (the island of Likoma has been included this round). As in IHS3, the cross-sectional sample is representative at the district-, regional-, urban-rural and national-level and households were visited once throughout the 12 months of fieldwork. 102 of the 204 panel enumeration areas from IHS3/IHS4 were selected for follow up in IHS4 (two interview set-up to capture both rainy and dry seasons), and the same tracking rules as in IHPS applied. Finally, up to 4 adults per panel household were randomly selected and administered an individual-referenced questionnaire on asset ownership and food security.
The IHS3 instruments include the following:
The IHPS instruments include the following:
- Household Questionnaire
- Agriculture Questionnaire
- Fishery Questionnaire
- Community Questionnaire
- Market Questionnaire
The IHS4 instruments include the following:
Field Work Implementation
The field work for the IHS4 ran from April 2016 to April 2017. The field work was implemented by 18 mobile teams and was the first full LSMS-ISA survey implemented using the World Bank’s Survey Solutions Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) software.
The IHS4 cross-sectional households were visited once. During their visit, households received both the Household and the Agriculture questionnaires. As part of the Agriculture questionnaire, the cross-sectional households reported information on the last completed rainy and dry (dimba) seasons. The field work was structured in a way that evenly spread the collection of household consumption information across the 12-month period.
To collect accurate information on each of the two agricultural seasons, the panel households received two visits. Visit 1 to IHS4-panel households was conducted in the first quarter of the survey effort which corresponded to the post-planting period with respect to the 2015/16 rainy season. In this visit, panel households reported information pertaining to land area, cultivation and input use in the 2015/16 rainy season. Visit 2 to the panel households was conducted in the second quarter of the survey effort, in the post-harvest period with respect to the 2009/2010 rainy season. Households reported information on the production and post-harvest related matters pertaining to the 2015/16 rainy season, and provided information on the last completed dry (dimba) season.
This set-up mirrors the interview structure and timeline of the panel households that were interviewed for the IHS3 2010/11 and IHPS 2013.
Data Documentation and Dissemination
All data generated are made publicly available (fully cleaned and with complete documentation) within twelve months of completion of each wave of data collection. The IHS3 and IHPS data are disseminated via the LSMS and the NSO websites.
The data from the 2010-2011 Third Integrated Household Survey, the 2013 Integrated Household Panel Survey, the 2016-2017 Fourth Integrated Household Survey and the Integrated Household Long-term Panel Survey 2010-2013-2016 are now available for downloading free of charge.